Notification RD 42 LRD 87 Part III
The Indian State of Karnataka is located within 11°30' North and 18°30' North latitudes and 74° East and 78°30' East longitude. It is situated on a tableland where the Western and Eastern Ghat ranges converge into the Nilgiri hill complex, in the western part of the Deccan Peninsular region of India. The State is bounded by Maharastra and Goa States in the north and northwest; the Arabian Sea in the west; Kerala and Tamil Nadu States in the south and the State of Andhra Pradesh in the east. The state covers an area of 191,976 square kilometres (74,122 sq mi), or 5.83% of the total geographical area of India. Geographically, the state is divided into 3 principal regions:the coastal region of Karavali, the hilly Malenadu region comprising the Western Ghats and the Bayaluseeme region comprising the plains of the Deccan plateau.
After Indian independence, Maharaja Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar acceded the princely state of Mysore to India. In 1950, Mysore became an Indian state. Following the long-standing demand of the Ekikarana Movement, Kodagu- and Kannada-speaking regions from the adjoining states of Madras, Hyderabad and Bombay were incorporated into the Mysore state, under the States Reorganization Act of 1956. The thus expanded state was renamed Karnataka, seventeen years later, in 1973.
Karnataka is now divided into 30 districts and 4 administrative divisions. Districts are administered by a District collector, and divisions are administered by a Divisional Commissioner. Bangalore is the capital of the state.
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