Norwegian heraldry has roots in early medieval times, soon after the use of coats of arms first appeared in continental Europe. Some of the medieval coats of arms are rather simple of design, while others have more naturalistic charges. The king-granted coats of arms of later times, were usually detailed and complex. Especially in the late 1600s and the 1700s, many ennobled persons and families received coats of arms with shields containing both two and four fields, and some even with a heart shield above these.
There are very few civic arms dating from before 1900, and the main part of today's governmental and civic arms are from the last decades of the 20th century. Today the public arms are popular in Norway and they are used quite much by the official authorities.
The Norwegian Heraldry Society is a private heraldic organisation.
... Norske Sigiller fra Middelalderen, Oslo 1899-1950 (Norwegian seals from the Middle Ages) Hallvard Trætteberg «The Coat of Arms of Norway», The American-Scandinavian Review, June. 1976) (Norwegian family coats of arms) Hans Cappelen and Knut Johannessen Norske kommunevåpen, Oslo 1987 (Norwegian municipal coats of arms) Harald Nissen and Monica ...