As other similar left-wing guerrillas that operated in Latin America during the 1970s, Montoneros despised democracy. They maintained that democracies were actually a complex masquerade that concealed fascist governments and delayed class struggle. Their attacks sought to force the governments to give up such masquerades and openly operate as fascist governments; expecting that in such scenario the people would support the guerrillas. This doctrine did not work as intended: the people despised the military dictatorships, but did not see the guerrillas as the enemies of the dictatorships, but rather as their cause. Thus, the projected class struggle never took place.
Montoneros did not think about their armed violence as a response to a threat to society, but as the key of their identity. Thus, they declined the chance to achieve their goals by peaceful means once democracy was restored. Instead, they killed the unionist José Ignacio Rucci in 1973 and declared war on Isabel Perón in 1974. The military lifestyle influenced all the actions, structure and hierarchy of the Montoneros, including salutes, uniforms and a constant usage of military slang, even in circumstances where such things were uncalled for (such as the state funeral of Juan Perón). The internal structure of the Montoneros was completely top-down, with the strategies outlined by the heads of it and ordered to the others.
Although Juan Perón encouraged the actions of José López Rega, supported the right-wing unionists and denied preferential promotions to the Montoneros, they thought that his actions were simply a strategic masquerade, and that he actually supported the Montoneros' projects. Perón expelled them from Plaza de Mayo and outlined the counter-insurgency that decimated the guerrillas. Still, the surviving Montoneros still acknowledge Perón as their leader.
Read more about this topic: Montoneros
Other articles related to "ideology":
... They contributed to the development of Hutu Power ideology and fanned resentment against the Tutsi during the 1990s ... Some scholars believe their genocidal ideology and massacres were an effort to hold on to the political power they had gathered since Habyarimana came to power ... between the Akazu (or Hutu Power) extremist ideology and the Rwandan Genocide ...
... According to the semiotician Bob Hodge, ideology "identifies a unitary object that incorporates complex sets of meanings with the social agents and processes that produced them ... other term captures this object as well as 'ideology' ... His 'discourse', popular because it covers some of ideology's terrain with less baggage, is too confined to verbal systems ...
... The act of architectural construction and maintenance may also have been a spiritual or religious experience a process of communal exaltation and ceremony ... Shady has called Caral "the sacred city" ("La ciudad sagrada") socio-economic and political focus was on the temples, which were periodically remodeled, with major burnt offerings associated with the remodeling ...
... The basics of an ideology of a Kaschenism are told in a text called "Kaschenesis" Also, there is a digest of the Kashenist ideology formulated in three phrases, a kind of Kaschenists motto the phrases are ...
Famous quotes containing the word ideology:
“The ideology of capitalism makes us all into connoisseurs of libertyof the indefinite expansion of possibility.”
—Susan Sontag (b. 1933)
“We must conclude that it is not only a particular political ideology that has failed, but the idea that men and women could ever define themselves in terms that exclude their spiritual needs.”
—Salman Rushdie (b. 1948)