The monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) is a milkweed butterfly (subfamily Danainae), in the family Nymphalidae. It is perhaps the best known of all North American butterflies. Since the 19th century, it has been found in New Zealand, and in Australia since 1871, where it is called the wanderer. It is resident in the Canary Islands, the Azores, and Madeira, and is found as an occasional migrant in Western Europe and a rare migrant in the United Kingdom. Its wings feature an easily recognizable orange and black pattern, with a wingspan of 8.9–10.2 cm (3½–4 in). (The viceroy butterfly is similar in color and pattern, but is markedly smaller, and has an extra black stripe across the hind wing.) Female monarchs have darker veins on their wings, and the males have a spot called the "androconium" in the center of each hind wing from which pheromones are released. Males are also slightly larger than female monarchs.
The monarch is famous for its southward migration and northward return in summer from Canada to Mexico and Baja California which spans the life of three to four generations of the butterfly.
Read more about Monarch Butterfly: Taxonomy, Description, Range and Distribution, Migration, Habitat, Adult Food Sources, Reproduction, Host Plants, Defense Against Predators, Relationship With Humans, Threats, Genome
Other articles related to "monarch butterfly, monarch, butterfly":
... A 273-million basepair draft sequence of the monarch butterfly genome was published in 2011, including a set of 16,866 protein-coding genes ... The monarch genome provides a number of insights into the butterfly's migratory behavior, including the molecular underpinnings of the circadian clock and juvenile hormone pathway, as well as a suite of ...
... The Monarch migrates across North America, covering multiple ecosystems and so requires a large area to exist ... Any protections afforded to the Monarch butterfly will at the same time umbrella many other species and habitats ... such as the Giant Panda, the Blue Whale, the tiger, the mountain gorilla and the Monarch butterfly, that capture the public's attention and attract support for ...
... Monarch butterfly caterpillars are commonly found on all the milkweeds, including the heart-leaf milkweed ... Even after the caterpillar has metamorphosed into a butterfly, the alkaloids they ingest from the plant are retained in the butterfly, making it ...
Famous quotes containing the word monarch:
“There is no necessity to separate the monarch from the mob; all authority is equally bad.”
—Oscar Wilde (18541900)