MIPS Architecture

MIPS Architecture

MIPS (originally an acronym for Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages) is a reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by MIPS Technologies (formerly MIPS Computer Systems, Inc.). The early MIPS architectures were 32-bit, and later versions were 64-bit. Multiple revisions of the MIPS instruction set exist, including MIPS I, MIPS II, MIPS III, MIPS IV, MIPS V, MIPS32, and MIPS64. The current revisions are MIPS32 (for 32-bit implementations) and MIPS64 (for 64-bit implementations). MIPS32 and MIPS64 define a control register set as well as the instruction set.

Several optional extensions are also available, including MIPS-3D which is a simple set of floating-point SIMD instructions dedicated to common 3D tasks, MDMX (MaDMaX) which is a more extensive integer SIMD instruction set using the 64-bit floating-point registers, MIPS16e which adds compression to the instruction stream to make programs take up less room, and MIPS MT, which adds multithreading capability.

Computer architecture courses in universities and technical schools often study the MIPS architecture. The architecture greatly influenced later RISC architectures such as Alpha.

MIPS implementations are primarily used in embedded systems such as Windows CE devices, routers, residential gateways, and video game consoles such as the Sony PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable. Until late 2006, they were also used in many of SGI's computer products. MIPS implementations were also used by Digital Equipment Corporation, NEC, Pyramid Technology, Siemens Nixdorf, Tandem Computers and others during the late 1980s and 1990s. In the mid to late 1990s, it was estimated that one in three RISC microprocessors produced was a MIPS implementation.

Read more about MIPS Architecture:  MIPS IV, MIPS V, CPU Family, MIPS I Instruction Formats, MIPS Assembly Language, Compiler Register Usage, Simulators

Other articles related to "mips, mips architecture, architectures, architecture":

MIPS Technologies
122°04′22″W / 37.4201°N 122.0728°W / 37.4201 -122.0728 MIPS Technologies, Inc Type Public (NASDAQ MIPS) Industry RISC microprocessors Founded 1984 Headquarters ... formerly MIPS Computer Systems, Inc ... is a semiconductor design company that is most widely known for developing the MIPS architecture and a series of RISC CPU chips ...
BS2000 - History - 1990s
... BS2000/OSD is ported to the MIPS architecture ... Although the operating system now runs on different hardware architectures (S servers with /390 architecture and SR2000 servers for the MIPS architecture), object-compatible execution is ... produced for /390 can be used on computers based on MIPS architecture without recompilation ...
MIPS Architecture - Simulators
... The models in the library are open source, written in C, and include the MIPS 4K, 24K, 34K, 74K, 1004K, 1074K, M14K, microAptiv, interAptiv, proAptiv 32 ... created and maintained by Imperas and in partnership with MIPS Technologies have been tested and assigned the MIPS-Verified (tm) mark ... Sample MIPS-based platforms include both bare metal environments and platforms for booting unmodified Linux binary images ...

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