Libya

Libya (Arabic: ‏ليبيا‎ Lībyā, Berber: ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ Libya) is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the 17th largest country in the world.

The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is home to 1.7 million of Libya's 6.4 million people. The three traditional parts of the country are Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. In 2009 Libya had the highest HDI in Africa and the fifth highest GDP (PPP) per capita in Africa, behind Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles, Gabon, and Botswana. Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world and the 17th-highest petroleum production.

A civil war and NATO-led military intervention in 2011 resulted in the ousting and death of the country's former leader, Muammar Gaddafi, and the collapse of his 34-year-old Jamahiriya state. As a result, Libya is currently undergoing political reconstruction, and is governed under an interim constitution drawn up by the National Transitional Council (NTC). Elections to a General National Congress were held on 7 July 2012, and the NTC handed power to the newly elected assembly on 8 August. The assembly has the responsibility of forming a constituent assembly to draft a permanent constitution for Libya, which will then be put to a referendum.

Read more about Libya:  Names, Geography, Government and Politics, Foreign Relations, Human Rights, Administrative Divisions and Cities, Economy, Demographics, Culture

Other articles related to "libya":

LBY - History - Islamic Libya
... Tenuous Byzantine control over Libya was restricted to a few poorly defended coastal strongholds, and as such, the Arab horsemen who first crossed into the Pentapolis of ... Uthman, penetrated deep into Western Libya and took Tripoli from the Byzantines definitively ... From Barqa, the Fezzan (Libya's Southern region) was conquered by Uqba ibn Nafi in 663 and Berber resistance was overcome ...
LBY
... Libya (Arabic ‏ليبيا‎ Lībyā, Berber ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ Libya) is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north ... With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the 17th largest country in the world ... The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is home to 1.7 million of Libya's 6.4 million people ...
LBY - Foreign Relations - Libya Under Gaddafi
... bases and partly nationalized foreign oil and commercial interests in Libya ... the United States and other Western powers had normalised relations with Libya ... Saddam Hussein overthrown and put on trial led to Libya being hailed as a success for Western soft power initiatives in the War on Terror ...
LBY - Economy
... the country in 1959 led to the transformation of Libya's economy from a poor country to (then) Africa's richest ... The World Bank defines Libya as an 'Upper Middle Income Economy', along with only seven other African countries ... In the early 1980s, Libya was one of the wealthiest countries in the world its GDP per capita was higher than that of developed countries such as Italy, Singapore, South Korea, Spain and New Zealand ...
Culture - Libyan Cuisine
... Pasta is a staple diet of the Western side of Libya whereas rice is generally the food staple of the east ... oil, many snack vendors prepare these sandwiches and can be found all over Libya ...