Kulothunga Chola III

Kulothunga Chola III was the ruler of the Chola empire from 1178 to 1218 CE after succeeding Rajadhiraja Chola II. Kulothunga Chola III gained success in war against his traditional foes. He gained victories in war against the Pandyas of Madurai, Cheras of Venad, the Sinhala kings of Eelam (Ceylon), as well as the Chodas of Velanadu and Nellore but failed against the Hoysalas. He also restored Chola control over Karur, which were ruled by the Adigaman chiefs as vassals of the Cholas. However, during the last two years of his reign, a resurgence of the Pandyas resulted in a decline and ultimately, demise of the Cholas by 1280 CE.

According to Sastri, by his personal ability, Kulothunga Chola III delayed the disruption of the Chola empire for about a generation, and his reign marks the last great epoch in the history of Chola architecture and art as he himself is the last of the great Chola monarchs." He is credited with building a number of temples, including the Sarabeswara Temple at Tribhuvanam in Kumbakonam district, Tamil Nadu, as well as the renovation and repairs to the two temples proclaimed as tutelary deities of the Cholas, namely the Shiva temple at Chidambaram and the Sri Ranganathaswami Temple of Srirangam. Kulothunga Chola III is also renowned for his patronage of art and literature. In some of his numerous inscriptions, including those at the Srirangam) Kulothunga Chola III has claimed in his inscriptions his pride in wearing the crown of the race of the Sun to which the Chola emperors claimed descent from."

Read more about Kulothunga Chola IIIMilitary Campaigns and Political Acumen, Relations After War With Hoysalas (1187–1188 To 1215 CE), Wars in The Telugu Country (1187–1208 CE), Loss To The Pandyas (1216–1217 CE) and Decline of The Cholas (1217–1280 CE), Kulothunga's Achievements in Religion and Architecture, Civic Work

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... his brother's humiliation in the hands of the Kulothunga Chola III, Sundara Pandyan invaded the Chola kingdom soon after his accession ... Kulothunga Chola III was nearing the end of his long 40 year reign and was hampered by old age and the swiftness of the Pandyan invasion ... Sundara Pandyan sacked the Chola cities of Thanjavur and Uraiyur and drove both the Chola king and his crown prince Rajaraja Chola III into exile ...
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... Rajaraja Chola's daughter married Chalukya prince Vimaladitya ... Rajendra Chola's daughter was also married to an eastern Chalukya prince Rajaraja Narendra ... Virarajendra Chola's son Athirajendra Chola was assassinated in a civil disturbance in 1070, and Kulothunga Chola I, the son of Rajaraja Narendra, ascended the Chola throne starting the Later ...
Kulothunga Chola III - Civic Work
... In the 23rd and 24th years of Kulothunga's reign there was a widespread famine in the Chola kingdom ... Kulothunga organised relief by ordering construction of tanks and river embankments ... Kulothunga died some time in 1218 and Rajaraja Chola III became the Chola king ...

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