Kiev

Kiev or Kyiv (Ukrainian: Київ (Kyiv) ; Russian: Киев (Kiev)) is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River. The population as of the 2001 census was 2,611,300, though higher numbers have been cited in the press.

Kiev is an important industrial, scientific, educational, and cultural centre of Eastern Europe. It is home to many high-tech industries, higher education institutions and world-famous historical landmarks. The city has an extensive infrastructure and highly developed system of public transport, including the Kiev Metro.

The city's name is said to derive from the name of Kyi, one of its four legendary founders (see History of Kiev's name in English, below). During its history, Kiev, one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, passed through several stages of great prominence and relative obscurity. The city probably existed as a commercial centre as early as the 5th century. A Slavic settlement on the great trade route between Scandinavia and Constantinople, Kiev was a tributary of the Khazars, until seized by the Varangians (Vikings) in the mid-9th century. Under Varangians rule, the city became a capital of the Rus', the first East Slavic state. Completely destroyed during the Mongol invasion in 1240, the city lost most of its influence for the centuries to come. It was a provincial capital of marginal importance in the outskirts of the territories controlled by its powerful neighbours; first the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, followed by Poland and Russia.

The city prospered again during the Russian Empire's industrial revolution in the late 19th century. In 1917, after the Ukrainian National Republic declared independence from the Russian Empire, Kiev became its capital. And from 1921 onwards Kiev was an important city of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and, from 1934, its capital. During World War II, the city again suffered significant damage, but quickly recovered in the post-war years, remaining the third largest city of the Soviet Union. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Ukrainian independence of 1991, Kiev remained the capital of Ukraine.

Read more about Kiev:  History, Government, Demographics, Cityscape, Culture, Transportation, Tourism, Economy, Education, History of Kiev's Name in English, Honour

Other articles related to "kiev":

Andriyivskyy Descent - Description
... The Andriyivskyy Descent begins on the summit of the Starokyivska Hora (Old Kiev mountain) near the ornate late-baroque Saint Andrew's Church (which ... Although they are long gone due to the sweeping demographic changes in Kiev during times of the late Russian Empire and the Soviet Union, the street is once again thriving thanks to its unique topology, architecture ... notable for the many festivals it holds, including various art festivals and the Kiev Day celebrations on the last weekend of May ...
Kiev - Honour
... Kiev Peninsula in Graham Land, Antarctica is named after the city of Kiev. ...
Katerina Omelchuk - Creative Activity
... district Darnitsky cultural and artistic center in the city of Kiev ... Won prizes of creative youth forum in Kiev in the nomination «Paintings, drawings, sculpture» in (2005–2008) ... «Kyivska suite» sponsored by a Grant of the President of Ukraine, NSHU, Kiev (2005) ...
Katerina Omelchuk - 2002 - 2005
... Participant of the art action «Kiev suite» ... Grant of the President of Ukraine (2005), NSHU Kiev (Ukraine) ... Awarded the second place in the Forum of the Kiev creative youth artists in the category «Art, Graphic, Sculpture» ...
Liubech
... Liubech is 250 kilometers (160 mi) north of the capital of Ukraine, Kiev, and located near the Russian border ... between the army of the Grand Prince of Kiev Sviatopolk the Accursed and the Prince of Novgorod Yaroslav the Wise who was rushing to cease the power of the whole Rus' ... Anthony of the Caves (Anthony of Kiev) also known as Antony Pechersky, was born in Liubech in 983 ...