Huns

The Huns were a group of nomadic people who first appeared from east of the Volga River, and were first mentioned as Hunnoi by Tacitus. Initially being near the Caspian Sea in 91 AD, the Huns migrated to the southeastern area of the Caucasus by about 150 AD and into Europe by 370 AD, where they established a vast Hunnic Empire. Since de Guignes linked them with the Xiongnu, who had been northern neighbours of China 300 years prior to the emergence of the Huns, considerable scholarly effort has been devoted to investigating such a connection. However, there is no scholarly consensus on a direct connection between the dominant element of the Xiongnu and that of the Huns. Priscus mentions that the Huns had a language of their own; little of it has survived and its relationships have been the subject of debate for centuries. Numerous other languages were spoken within the Hun pax including Gothic (East Germanic), which was widely used as a lingua franca in the Hunnic territories. Their main military technique was mounted archery.

The Huns may have stimulated the Great Migration, a contributing factor in the collapse of the western Roman Empire. They formed a unified empire under Attila the Hun, who died in 453; their empire broke up the next year. Their descendants, or successors with similar names, are recorded by neighbouring populations to the south, east, and west as having occupied parts of Eastern Europe and Central Asia approximately from the 4th century to the 6th century. Variants of the Hun name are recorded in the Caucasus until the early 8th century.

Read more about Huns:  Origin, Before Attila, Successor Realms, Appearance and Customs, Language, 20th Century Use in Reference To Germans

Other articles related to "huns, hun":

Church Of Caucasian Albania - History of The Church - Proselytism Among The Huns
... In the 6th century AD the Huns had established themselves in the North Caucasus, in what is now Dagestan ... Javanshir's assassination in 669 provoked the Huns to launch raids into the country in retaliation for their ally's death ... of one treacherous and vile man." During his stay in the land of Huns in 681—682, Israel condemned their pagan beliefs and practices, and preached Christianity ...
List Of Ukrainian Rulers - Migration Period (c. 200 – C. 800)
... The Goths were in turn pushed out by aggressively encroaching Huns, about 375 ... The Goths went on to conquer Southern Europe and the Huns moved to the Balkans and created a Hunnic Empire which lasted for a hundred years ... After splitting of the Empire, some of the Huns moved back north in the territories of modern Ukraine and formed Patria Onoguria, now known as Old Great Bulgaria ...
Sangiban
... Attila before the Battle of Châlons to open the city gates and deliver Aurelianum to the Huns ... the Romans and Visigoths put Sangiban in the center of the line opposing the Huns, where they could prevent him from defecting ... while the Goths were able to flank the Huns and ultimately drive them back ...
Huns - 20th Century Use in Reference To Germans
... Just as a thousand years ago, the Huns under Attila won a reputation of might that lives on in legends, so may the name of Germany in China, such that no ... helmet worn by German forces until 1916, which would be reminiscent of images depicting ancient Hun helmets, some British found ... The usage of the term "Hun" to describe a German resurfaced during World War II ...
Turkic Migration - Huns - Identity of The Huns
... For more details on this topic, see Huns ... into consideration it is probably safe to say that the Huns gradually extended their power and to some degree their presence from a Turkic and Mongolian urheimat across the plains to Europe by the first few ... The Huns were not literate (according to Procopius) and left nothing linguistic with which to identify them except their names, which derive from Germanic, Iranian, Turkic, unknown and a mixture ...

Famous quotes containing the word huns:

    Frogs are slightly better than Huns or Wops, but abroad is unutterably bloody and foreigners are fiends.
    Nancy Mitford (1904–1973)

    The American people is out to get the kaiser. We are bending every nerve and every energy towards that end; anybody who gets in the way of the great machine the energy and devotion of a hundred million patriots is building towards the stainless purpose of saving civilization from the Huns will be mashed like a fly. I’m surprised that a collegebred man like you hasn’t more sense. Don’t monkey with the buzzsaw.
    John Dos Passos (1896–1970)