Hamilcar Barca

Hamilcar Barca or Barcas (c. 275 – 228 BC) was a Carthaginian general and statesman, leader of the Barcid family, and father of Hannibal, Hasdrubal and Mago. He was also father-in-law to Hasdrubal the Fair.

The name Hamilcar (Punic-Phoenician ḥmlqrt, "brother of Melqart") was a common name for Carthaginian men. The name Brq (or Baraq) means "thunderbolt" in the Punic language and is thus equivalent to the epithet or cognomen Keraunos, common among many contemporary Greek commanders. The word remains in Lebanese, Arabic and Hebrew with the same meaning.

Hamilcar commanded the Carthaginian land forces in Sicily from 247 BC to 241 BC during the latter stages of the First Punic War. He kept his army intact and led a successful guerrilla war against the Romans in Sicily. Hamilcar retired to Africa after the peace treaty in 241 BC with the defeat of Carthage. When the Mercenary War burst out in 240 BC, Hamilcar was recalled to command and was instrumental in concluding that conflict successfully. Hamilcar commanded the Carthaginian expedition to Spain in 237 BC, and for eight years expanded the territory of Carthage in Spain before dying in battle in 228 BC. He may have been responsible for creating the strategy which his son Hannibal implemented in the Second Punic War to bring the Roman Republic close to defeat.

Read more about Hamilcar Barca:  Early Life, Hamilcar in Sicily, The Truceless War, Punic Politics, Hamilcar Supreme in Carthage, Barcid Spain, Repute, Hamilcar’s Legacy: The Grand Strategy, Hamilcar in Literature

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Hamilcar Barca - Hamilcar in Literature
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Interval Between The First and Second Punic Wars
... first issue for dispute was that the initial treaty, agreed upon by Hamilcar Barca and the Roman commander in Sicily, had a clause stipulating that the Roman popular assembly had to accept the treaty ... War there were two opposing factions the reformist party was led by Hamilcar Barca while the other, more conservative, faction was represented by Hanno the Great and the old Carthaginian aristocracy ... Hamilcar had led the initial Carthaginian peace negotiations and was blamed for the clause that allowed the Roman popular assembly to increase the war indemnity and annex Corsica and Sardinia, but his superlative ...
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256 BC Battle of Cape Ecnomus A Carthaginian fleet under Hamilcar and Hanno is defeated in an attempt to stop a Roman invasion of Africa by Marcus Atilius Regulus ... ending the First Punic War 239 BC Battle of the Bagradas River (239 BC) Hamilcar defeats mercenary troops, making it the first victory in the Mercenary Wars ... Battle of "The Saw" Hamilcar defeats a great mercenary army at Tunis ...
237 BC - Events - By Place - Carthage
... Hamilcar Barca's success in defeating the mercenaries results in a growth in his strength as leader of Carthage's popular party and support for his proposed invasion of the Iberian Peninsula ... for the landed nobility, Hanno opposes the policy of foreign conquest pursued by Hamilcar Barca ... Nevertheless, Hamilcar Barca leads a Carthaginian army in an invasion of the Iberian Peninsula with the aim of building a base from which war with Rome can be renewed ...
Hamilcar (Drepanum)
... Hamilcar was a general who succeeded to the command of the Carthaginians in the First Punic War, and after successes at Therma and the Battle of Drepanum was defeated at Ecnomus (256 BCE) ... He is sometimes confused with the better known Hamilcar Barca, father of Hannibal ... Notable Carthaginians Ad Herbal Carthalo Dido Hamilcar (Drepanum) Hamilcar Barca Hannibal Barca Hannibal Gisco Hannibal Monomachus Hannibal the Rhodian Hanno the Elder Hanno the ...

Famous quotes containing the word barca:

    These flowers, which were splendid and sprightly,
    Waking in the dawn of the morning,
    In the evening will be a pitiful frivolity,
    Sleeping in the cold night’s arms.
    Pedro, Calderón De La Barca (1600–1681)