Gulf War

The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) was a war waged by a UN-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

The war is also known under other names, such as the Persian Gulf War, First Gulf War, Gulf War I, or the First Iraq War, before the term "Iraq War" became identified instead with the 2003 Iraq War (also referred to in the U.S. as "Operation Iraqi Freedom").

The invasion of Kuwait by Iraqi troops that began 2 August 1990 was met with international condemnation, and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the UN Security Council. U.S. President George H. W. Bush deployed American forces into Saudi Arabia, and urged other countries to send their own forces to the scene. An array of nations joined the coalition. The great majority of the military forces in the coalition were from the United States, with Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom and Egypt as leading contributors, in that order. Around US$36 billion of the US$60 billion cost was paid by Saudi Arabia.

The war was marked by the beginning of live news on the front lines of the fight, with the primacy of the U.S. network CNN. The war has also earned the nickname Video Game War after the daily broadcast images on board the American bombers during Operation Desert Storm.

The initial conflict to expel Iraqi troops from Kuwait began with an aerial bombardment on 17 January 1991. This was followed by a ground assault on 24 February. This was a decisive victory for the coalition forces, who liberated Kuwait and advanced into Iraqi territory. The coalition ceased their advance, and declared a cease-fire 100 hours after the ground campaign started. Aerial and ground combat was confined to Iraq, Kuwait, and areas on the border of Saudi Arabia. However, Iraq launched Scud missiles against coalition military targets in Saudi Arabia and against Israel.

Read more about Gulf War:  Background, Invasion of Kuwait, Ground Campaign, The End of Active Hostilities, Coalition Involvement, Cost, Media Coverage, Technology, Alternate Names For The Gulf War

Other articles related to "war, gulf war":

The Ground Truth - About The Soldiers and Veterans - The Accounts
... Upon his return from the war, Anderson became actively involved in the anti-war effort and publicly supported increased government-provided care for veterans returning from Iraq ... service in Iraq, he became active in an anti-war program where he spoke publicly about what he felt to be the truth about Iraq ... He also became a member of Iraq Veterans Against the War and the Buddhist Peace Fellowship ...
BLU-114/B "Soft-Bomb" - History and Usage
... cruise missile warhead used in the opening days of the Gulf War, few details of either weapons can be established on an unclassified basis ... During the Gulf War, Iraq responded to the use of this type of munition by disconnecting electrical power grid circuit breakers ... numbers of fine carbon filaments, each far smaller than the crude wire spools used in the Gulf War ...
Sadam - Postwar Period
... The Iranians, despite the widespread Shi'ite rebellions, had no interest in provoking another war, while Turkey opposed any prospect of Kurdish independence, and the Saudis and other conservative Arab states ... the country never recovered either economically or militarily from the Gulf War ... survival as "proof" that Iraq had in fact won the war against the U.S ...
Saudi Arabia–United States Relations - History - The Gulf War
... of Kuwait in August 1990 had sparked the beginning of another bloody war, the Gulf War ... During the Gulf War, the security relationship had greatly increased and strengthened ... Arabia at that time, had officially declared war against Iraq ...

Famous quotes containing the words war and/or gulf:

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