Gender Role

A gender role is a set of social and behavioral norms that are generally considered appropriate for either a man or a woman in a social or interpersonal relationship. Gender roles vary widely between cultures and even in the same cultural tradition have differed over time and context. There are differences of opinion as to which observed differences in behavior and personality between genders are entirely due to innate personality of the person and which are due to cultural or social factors, and are therefore the product of socialization, or to what extent gender differences are due to biological and physiological differences.

Views on gender-based differentiation in the workplace and in interpersonal relationships have often undergone profound changes as a result of feminist and/or economic influences, but there are still considerable differences in gender roles in almost all societies. It is also true that in times of necessity, such as during a war or other emergency, women are permitted to perform functions which in "normal" times would be considered a male role, or vice versa.

Gender has several definitions. It usually refers to a set of characteristics that are considered to distinguish between male and female, reflect one's biological sex, or reflect one's gender identity. Gender identity is the gender(s), or lack thereof, a person self-identifies as; it is not necessarily based on biological sex, either real or perceived, and it is distinct from sexual orientation. It is one's internal, personal sense of being a man or a woman (or a boy or girl). There are two main genders: masculine (male), or feminine (female), although some cultures acknowledge more genders. Androgyny, for example, has been proposed as a third gender. Some societies have more than five genders, and some non-Western societies have three genders – man, woman and third gender. Gender expression refers to the external manifestation of one's gender identity, through "masculine," "feminine," or gender-variant or gender neutral behavior, clothing, hairstyles, or body characteristics.

Read more about Gender Role:  Gender Role Theory, Talcott Parsons' View, Socialization, Anthropology and Evolution, Changing Roles, Culture, Marriage, Communication, Gender Stereotypes

Other articles related to "gender role, gender, roles":

Sex Change in Humans
... also used for the whole process of changing gender role and the medical procedures associated with it ... Since changing of gender role, i.e ... (Of course, medically induced changes and surgeries are often needed to make a change of gender role at all possible, both socially and legally ...
Androgyny - Gender Roles
... Now she prefers to work with gender schema theory ... To some degree, context influences which gender role is most adaptive ... In close relationships, a feminine or androgynous gender role may be more desirable because of the expressive nature of close relationships ...
Betrayal Trauma - Betrayal
... This conceptualization forms the core of the infant’s understanding of rules, roles, responsibilities, respect, morals, ethics, and values – the infant’s mental model (Johnson-Laird, 1983 Hensley, 2006) ... and schemas are the result of conditioning in a gender role congruent environment ... – in accordance with socioculturally acceptable gender role expectancies ...
Gender Role - Gender Stereotypes
... that emotional stereotypes and the display of emotions "correspond to actual gender differences in experiencing emotion and expression." We develop and acquire an understanding of stereotypes at a young ... Leinbach and Cherie O'Boyle, tested gender stereotypes and labeling within young children ... study looked at how children identified the differences between gender labels of boys and girls through using materials ...
Atypical Gender Role
... An atypical gender role is a gender role comprising gender-typed behaviours not typically associated with a cultural norm ...

Famous quotes containing the words role and/or gender:

    My role in society, or any artist or poet’s role, is to try and express what we all feel. Not to tell people how to feel. Not as a preacher, not as a leader, but as a reflection of us all.
    John Lennon (1940–1980)

    Anthropologists have found that around the world whatever is considered “men’s work” is almost universally given higher status than “women’s work.” If in one culture it is men who build houses and women who make baskets, then that culture will see house-building as more important. In another culture, perhaps right next door, the reverse may be true, and basket- weaving will have higher social status than house-building.
    —Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen. Excerpted from, Gender Grace: Love, Work, and Parenting in a Changing World (1990)