Bats of the genus Pteropus, belonging to the megabat suborder, Megachiroptera, are the largest bats in the world. They are commonly known as the fruit bats or flying foxes among other colloquial names. They live in the tropics and subtropics of Asia (including the Indian subcontinent), Australia, islands off East Africa (but not mainland Africa), and a number of remote oceanic islands in both the Indian and Pacific Oceans. There are at least 60 extant species in this genus.
The oldest ancestors of the genus Pteropus to be unearthed appear in the fossil record almost exactly as they are today, the only notable differences being early flight adaptations such as a tail for stabilizing. The oldest megachiropteran is dated at around 35 million years ago, but the preceding gap in the fossil record makes their true lineage unknown.
Characteristically, all species of flying foxes only feed on nectar, blossom, pollen, and fruit, which explains their limited tropical distribution. They do not possess echolocation, a feature which helps the other sub-order of bats, the microbats, locate and catch prey such as insects in mid-air. Instead, smell and eyesight are very well-developed in flying foxes. Feeding ranges can reach up to 40 miles. When it locates food, the flying fox "crashes" into foliage and grabs for it. It may also attempt to catch hold of a branch with its hind feet, then swing upside down – once attached and hanging, the fox draws food to its mouth with one of its hind feet or with the clawed thumbs at the top of its wings.
Other articles related to "flying fox, flying":
... Being a community-tank fish, flying foxes are compatible with acaras, angelfish, barbs, danios, eartheaters, gouramis, knifefish, loaches, tetras and ... Sometimes the Flying Fox be a little aggressive towards other smaller aquarium fish if it is hungry, resulting in eating them ... Aquarium fishkeepers may also keep flying fox fish as a lone tank fish or in schools ...
... The large flying fox (Pteropus vampyrus), also known as the greater flying fox, Malaysian flying fox, kalang or kalong, is a southeast Asian species of megabat in the family ...
... is stationed at Kingston, Robin sneaks onto the Flying Fox and hides while Leatherwing sails to Panama to return the princess to her father ... While sailing, the Flying Fox sees a Spanish Galleon ... Felina is filled with rage and escapes from the Flying Fox determined to destroy Leatherwing ...
... Colonies of large flying foxes fly in a scattered stream ... Flying foxes may circle a fruit tree before landing, and usually land on the tips of branches in an upright position, then fall into a head-down position from ... A roosting flying fox is positioned upside down with its wings wrapped up ...
... Genus Pteropus – flying foxes P ... alecto species group Black flying fox, Pteropus alecto Torresian Flying Fox, Pteropus alecto, initially was described as separate species Pteropus ... caniceps species group Ashy-headed flying fox, Pteropus caniceps P ...
Famous quotes containing the words fox and/or flying:
“Many scraps make a lot; fox furs, sewn together, make a fine robe.”
“And more I may not write of, for they that cleave
The waters of sleep can make a chattering tongue
Heavy like stone, their wisdom being half silence.
How shall I name you, immortal, mild, proud shadows?
I only know that all we know comes from you,
And that you come from Eden on flying feet.
—William Butler Yeats (18651939)