Dive Bomber

A dive bomber is a bomber aircraft that dives directly at its targets in order to provide greater accuracy for the bomb it drops. Diving towards the target reduces the distance the bomb has to fall, which is the primary factor in determining the accuracy of the drop. Additionally, as the bomb's motion is primarily vertical, the complex parabolic trajectory is reduced to one that is much straighter and easy to calculate - even by eye. The rapid vertical motion of the aircraft also aids it in avoiding fire from anti-aircraft artillery, although diving to low altitude offsets this advantage as it brings the aircraft into range of smaller weapons.

A true dive bomber dives at a steep angle, normally between 45 and 90 degrees, and thus requires a very short pull-up after dropping its bombs. This demands an aircraft of extremely strong construction, and generally limited the class to light bomber designs with ordnance loads in the range of 1,000 lbs. This type of aircraft was most widely used before and during World War II; its use fell into decline shortly afterwards. The most famous examples are the Aichi D3A "Val" dive bomber which sank more allied warships during WWII than any other axis aircraft and the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka which was widely used during the opening stages of the war. During pullout, the forces were so great that the crew would often suffer G-LOC, and the controls were automated to avoid loss of the aircraft. Another famous design of the war is the Douglas SBD Dauntless, whose actions during the Battle of Midway changed the course of the Pacific War in favour of the US over a period of minutes.

It is also possible to bomb from a much shallower dive angle, which is sometimes described as dive bombing, but more generally known as glide bombing. Shallower diving angles reduces the benefits in terms of accuracy, but still serves as an aid in keeping the target visible during the bomb run and helping avoiding anti-aircraft fire. The Junkers Ju 88 was widely employed in glide bombing and was equipped with special bombsights operated by the pilot for this task. Likewise, the Heinkel He 177 is often mentioned as having its development upset by the demand for it to dive bomb, although this too was an example of glide bombing. Contrast glide bombing with the glide bomb, where the aircraft remains level and the bomb glides towards its target. Attachments for this sort of bombing were fitted to examples of the famous Norden bombsight, but in practice this concept proved unworkable.

Other articles related to "dive bomber, dive, dive bombers, bombers":

Hell Divers - Plot
... Chief Petty Officer "Windy" Riker (Beery)is a veteran aerial gunner of a Navy Helldiver dive bomber and the leading chief of Fighting Squadron One, about to go to Panama aboard ... The chiefs engage in friendly rivalry until the squadron practices a new dive-bombing technique and Steve becomes a hero, saving the base from being accidentally bombed by climbing out on ... Windy tries to save them by flying them out in Duke's dive bomber, with Duke in the rear cockpit and Steve riding on the wing ...
Dive Bomber (film)
... Dive Bomber is a 1941 American propaganda film directed by Michael Curtiz and starring Errol Flynn and Fred MacMurray ... The stunning spectacle of color rides with you into the heavens! Dive Bomber was nominated for an Oscar for Best Color Cinematography at the 14th Academy Awards in 1942 ...
Dive Bomber - History - World War I and Inter-war Period
... The first recorded use of dive bombing was an ad-hoc solution by British Royal Flying Corps pilots during World War I ... During 1920 Sanderson familiarized aviators of USMC units at the Atlantic coast with the dive bombing technique ... Dive bombing was also used during the United States occupation of Nicaragua ...
Dive Bomber (film) - Production
... Navy Commander (retired) Frank "Spig" Wead, Dive Bomber features spectacular flying scenes (as in other films with a scenario written by Wead) interwoven into a storyline of medical research undertaken to combat ... The principal aircraft depicted are Vought SB2U Vindicator dive bombers and Douglas TBD Devastator torpedo bombers, although many other types are included, especially parked, as backdrops ... Some of the aircraft types used in Dive Bomber were engaged a few months later in combat with the Japanese aerial and naval forces, up to and including the ...
Loire-Nieuport LN.401 - Design and Development
... had been developing a two-seat dive bomber, the Nieuport 140, for the Aéronautique Navale, the aviation arm of the French Navy ... it wanted to acquire 184 of these, enough to equip six dive bomber squadrons of 18 aircraft each, plus a reserve ... Four of the pre-series LN.40 dive bombers were delivered in July, and the aircraft was declared fit for carrier operations following successful tests aboard the Béarn ...

Famous quotes containing the word dive:

    I have no time to read newspapers. If you chance to live and move and have your being in that thin stratum in which the events which make the news transpire—thinner than the paper on which it is printed—then these things will fill the world for you; but if you soar above or dive below that plane, you cannot remember nor be reminded of them.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)