In Roman mythology, Cupid (Latin cupido, meaning "desire") is the god of desire, affection and erotic love. He is often portrayed as the son of the goddess Venus, with a father rarely mentioned. His Greek counterpart is Eros. Cupid is also known in Latin as Amor ("Love"). The Amores (plural) or amorini in the later terminology of art history are the equivalent of the Greek Erotes.
Although Eros appears in Classical Greek art as a slender winged youth, during the Hellenistic period he was increasingly portrayed as a chubby boy. During this time, his iconography acquired the bow and arrow that remain a distinguishing attribute; a person, or even a deity, who is shot by Cupid's arrow is filled with uncontrollable desire. The Roman Cupid retains these characteristics, which continue in the depiction of multiple cupids in both Roman art and the later classical tradition of Western art.
Cupid's ability to compel love and desire plays an instigating role in several myths or literary scenarios. In Vergil's Aeneid, Cupid prompts Dido to fall in love with Aeneas, with tragic results. Ovid makes Cupid the patron of love poets. Cupid is a central character, however, in only the traditional tale of Cupid and Psyche, as told by Apuleius.
Cupid was a continuously popular figure in the Middle Ages, when under Christian influence he often had a dual nature as Heavenly and Earthly love, and in the Renaissance, when a renewed interest in classical philosophy endowed him with complex allegorical meanings. In contemporary popular culture, Cupid is shown shooting his bow to inspire romantic love, often as an icon of Valentine's Day.
Other articles related to "cupids, cupid":
... are personified as three women in a bucolic landscape, and the theological virtues by cupids Fortitude, a woman holding an oak branch, with the branch shaken by the cupid Charity Prudence, with two faces, looking ...
... and the love darts fired by the mythological being Cupid, known as Eros in Greek mythology ... about the garden snail Helix aspersa, "I believe the myth of Cupid and his arrows has its basis in this snail species, which is native to Greece" ...
... In painting and sculpture, Cupid is often portrayed as a nude (or sometimes diapered) winged boy or baby (a putto) armed with a bow and a quiver of arrows ... On gems and other surviving pieces, Cupid is usually shown amusing himself with adult play, sometimes driving a hoop, throwing darts, catching a butterfly, or flirting ... Cupid figures prominently in ariel poetry, lyrics and, of course, elegiac love and metamorphic poetry ...
... Charmed's first Cupid (Michael Reilly Burke) The first Cupid appeared in the writing and production of the Charmed universe during the second season in the ... came about after a powerful Demon named Drasi stole Cupid's powerful ring and sets out to destroy all his recently influenced love matches which brings him back into the ... When the relationships of the Charmed Ones break, Cupid must convince the Halliwells to help him get his powerful artifact back before a world of Hate is created, which could result ...
... Cupid is the self-titled debut album by Cupid ... It was released independently under ASAR Entertainment ...
Famous quotes containing the word cupid:
“Things base and vile, holding no quantity,
Love can transpose to form and dignity.
Love looks not with the eyes, but with the mind,
And therefore is winged Cupid painted blind.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)
“But love is blind, and lovers cannot see
The pretty follies that themselves commit,
For if they could, Cupid himself would blush
To see me thus transformed to a boy.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)
“The muse is blind as Cupid and skittish as Diana.”
—Mason Cooley (b. 1927)