The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the Red Junglefowl. As one of the most common and widespread domestic animals with a population of more than 24 billion in 2003, there are more chickens in the world than any other species of bird. Humans keep chickens primarily as a source of food, consuming both their meat and their eggs. The chicken's "cultural and culinary dominance" could be considered amazing to some in view of its believed domestic origin and purpose and it has "inspired contributions to culture, art, cuisine, science and religion" from antiquity to the present.
The traditional poultry farming view of the domestication of the chicken is stated in Encyclopædia Britannica (2007): "Humans first domesticated chickens of Indian origin for the purpose of cockfighting in Asia, Africa, and Europe. Very little formal attention was given to egg or meat production... " Recent genetic studies have pointed to multiple maternal origins in Southeast, East, and South Asia, but with the clade found in the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and Africa originating in the Indian subcontinent. From India the domesticated fowl made its way to the Persianized kingdom of Lydia in western Asia Minor, and domestic fowl were imported to Greece by the fifth century BC. Fowl had been known in Egypt since the 18th Dynasty, with the "bird that gives birth every day" having come to Egypt from the land between Syria and Shinar, Babylonia, according to the annals of Tutmose III.
Other articles related to "chicken":
... Chicken Marengo is a French savoury dish, so named for being the dish that Napoléon Bonaparte ate after the Battle of Marengo ... and his chef Dunand was forced to work with the meager results of a forage a chicken (and some eggs), tomatoes, onions, garlic, herbs, olive oil, and ... The chef cut up the chicken (reportedly with a sabre) and fried it in olive oil, made a sauce from the tomatoes, garlic and onions (plus a bit of cognac from Napoleon's flask), cooked the crayfish, fried ...
... There were 6 households out of which 50.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.7% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...
... Golden Jubilee chicken is a cold dish consisting of pieces of chicken in a white-coloured sauce dusted with parsley and lime segments ... flavoured with lime and ginger the chicken is also marinated in a combination of lime and ginger before being mixed with the sauce ... Jubilee chicken has a distinctive light, fresh taste ...
Famous quotes containing the word chicken:
“Filling her compact & delicious body
with chicken paprika, she glanced at me
—John Berryman (19141972)
“Unhappy, eagle wings and bleak, chicken brain.”
—Robinson Jeffers (18871962)
“Sometimes I lifted a chicken that warnt roosting comfortable, and took him along. Pap always said, take a chicken when you get a chance, because if you dont want him yourself you can easy find somebody that does, and a good deed aint ever forgot. I never see papa when he didnt want the chicken himself, but that is what he used to say, anyway.”
—Mark Twain [Samuel Langhorne Clemens] (18351910)