Buffalo National Park was created near the town of Wainwright in east central Alberta on June 5, 1909, closed in 1940, and delisted in 1947 when the land was transferred to the Department of National Defence. The 583 km2 (225 sq mi) park land now comprises the majority of Canadian Forces Base Wainwright. The first Park Warden was Bud Cotton, who served from 1912 through 1940.
Buffalo National Park, with a focus on plains bison (often referred to as buffalo), was one of several national parks created in the Canadian Prairies expressly to protect and regenerate dangerously low populations of bison and pronghorns. Other 'regeneration' parks, also delisted in 1947, included Wawaskesy National Park, Nemiskam National Park (both in Alberta), and Menissawok National Park in Saskatchewan.
Buffalo National Park was populated by the Canadian government with a herd of roughly 700 bison, purchased from the Flathead Reservation in Montana, USA. The herd was transported to the new park by train. The park also received smaller populations of elk and moose. During its thirty one years of activity, the park produced 40,000 bison, 3000 elk, and 300 moose.
The park eventually fell victim to its own success, for as numbers grew, disease and starvation spread among the herd, competing for food on the park's limited space. Sanctioned slaughters in the late 1910s brought public outcry. Culling continued on an annual basis thereafter, including the transfer or sale of bison to other parks, such as a the 6000 to 7000 head sent to Wood Buffalo National Park during the 1920s.
With its mission accomplished, the park was closed in 1940. In 1980, to commemorate the 75th anniversary of Alberta and the legacy of the former Buffalo National Park, four bison from Elk Island National Park were moved to the town of Wainwright. Today, about a dozen bison reside there in Bud Cotton Paddock, named for the first Park Warden.
Other articles related to "national park, buffalo, buffalo national park, parks, national":
... Elk Island National Park has a prominent history in large ungulate conservation ... were shipped to Elk Island as a temporary waystation until the fencing at Buffalo Park in Wainwright was completed ... the fence was finished and 325 bison were relocated to Buffalo National Park ...
... through the towns of Rainbow Lake and High Level before it ends at the Wood Buffalo National Park boundary west of Garden River ... An extension to Wood Buffalo National Park opened on November 8, 2011 under a joint project between Government of Alberta, the Government of Canada, and ... extremity, Highway 58 continues as a Garden River Road within Wood Buffalo National Park to Garden River ...
... and morphologically representative founding stock from northern Wood Buffalo National Park in northeastern Alberta and southern Northwest Territories ... and recovery purposes, because the larger free-ranging herds in and around Wood Buffalo National Park were infected with bovine brucellosis and tuberculosis after 7,000 ... endemic in the free-ranging herds in and around Wood Buffalo National Park ...
... One of the first controversies that Harkin was involved in was the Parks Branch’s first attempt to create a wood bison sanctuary ... local indigenous peoples were to blame for the decrease in the population of buffalo ... conservationists was very evident at the National Conference on Conservation of Game, Fur-Bearing Animals, and other Wild Life held in February 1919 ...
Famous quotes containing the words national park, park, buffalo and/or national:
“It is not unkind to say, from the standpoint of scenery alone, that if many, and indeed most, of our American national parks were to be set down on the continent of Europe thousands of Americans would journey all the way across the ocean in order to see their beauties.”
—Franklin D. Roosevelt (18821945)
“Mrs. Mirvan says we are not to walk in [St. Jamess] Park again next Sunday ... because there is better company in Kensington Gardens; but really, if you had seen how every body was dressed, you would not think that possible.”
—Frances Burney (17521840)
“As I started with her out of the city warmly enveloped in buffalo furs, I could not but think how nice it would be to drive on and on, so that nobody should ever catch us.”
—Anthony Trollope (18151882)
“America is a nation with no truly national city, no Paris, no Rome, no London, no city which is at once the social center, the political capital, and the financial hub.”
—C. Wright Mills (19161962)