A bipolar junction transistor (BJT or bipolar transistor) is a type of transistor that relies on the contact of two types of semiconductor for its operation. BJTs can be used as amplifiers, switches, or in oscillators. BJTs can be found either as individual discrete components, or in large numbers as parts of integrated circuits.
Bipolar transistors are so named because their operation involves both electrons and holes. These two kinds of charge carriers are characteristic of the two kinds of doped semiconductor material. In contrast, unipolar transistors such as the field-effect transistors have only one kind of charge carrier.
Charge flow in a BJT is due to bidirectional diffusion of charge carriers across a junction between two regions of different charge concentrations. The regions of a BJT are called emitter, collector, and base. A discrete transistor has three leads for connection to these regions. By design, most of the BJT collector current is due to the flow of charges injected from a high-concentration emitter into the base where there are minority carriers that diffuse toward the collector, and so BJTs are classified as minority-carrier devices.
Other articles related to "bipolar junction transistor, bipolar, transistor, junction, junctions, junction transistors, junction transistor":
... Bipolar transistors are so named because they conduct by using both majority and minority carriers ... The bipolar junction transistor (BJT), the first type of transistor to be mass-produced, is a combination of two junction diodes, and is formed of either a thin layer of p-type semiconductor sandwiched ... This construction produces two p-n junctions a base–emitter junction and a base–collector junction, separated by a thin region of semiconductor known as ...
... Exposure of the transistor to ionizing radiation causes radiation damage ... The resulting reduction in minority carrier lifetime causes gradual loss of gain of the transistor ... once triggered, occurs almost instantly and may catastrophically damage the transistor package ...
... Point-contact transistor – first transistor ever constructed (December 1947), a bipolar transistor, limited commercial use due to high cost and noise ... Tetrode point-contact transistor – Point-contact transistor having two emitters ... Junction transistors Grown-junction transistor – first bipolar junction transistor made ...
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