Habitual Past Tense
The habitual past tense has a few different uses. It is used for events that happened regularly, such as "I used to eat out every day" or "He wrote poems when he was young", the equivalent of an imperfect. It may also be used as a sort of conditional, such as the following: "If you asked I would come" or "If you had asked I would have come". It is easy to form the habitual past tense: simply start with the simple past tense and change the l to t (except in the tui form). The endings are -tam, -tish, -te, -to, -ten. For example: ami dekhtam, tui dekhtish, tumi dekhte, she dekhto, apni dekhten. In less standard varieties of Bengali, "a" is substituted for "e" in second-person familiar forms; thus "tumi bolta, khulta, khelta," etc.
|Verb||1||2 (VF)||2 (F)||3 (F)||2/3 (P)|
|বলা||আমি boltam||তুই boltish||তুমি bolte||সে bolto||apni bolten|
|khola||আমি khultam||তুই khultish||তুমি khulte||সে khulto||apni khulten|
|khêla||আমি kheltam||তুই kheltish||তুমি khelte||সে khelto||apni khelten|
|chena||আমি chintam||তুই chintish||তুমি chinte||সে chinto||apni chinten|
|jana||আমি jantam||তুই jantish||তুমি jante||সে janto||apni janten|
|hôoa||আমি hotam||তুই hotish||তুমি hote||সে hoto||apni hoten|
|dhoa||আমি dhutam||তুই dhutish||তুমি dhute||সে dhuto||apni dhuten|
|khaoa||আমি khetam||তুই khetish||তুমি khete||সে kheto||apni kheten|
|dêoa||আমি ditam||তুই ditish||তুমি dite||সে dito||apni diten|
Other articles related to "habitual":
... In conflict of laws, habitual residence is the standard used to determine the law which should be applied to determine a given legal dispute ... Habitual residence is less demanding than domicile and the focus is more on past experience rather than future intention ... There is normally only one habitual residence where the individual usually resides and routinely returns to after visiting other places ...
... The nature of samsara is a habitual, repetitive pattern ... Ajahn Sucitto explains The pattern is that each new arising, or “birth” if you like, is experienced as unfulfilling ...
... Belizean Creole does not have a habitual aspect in its own right ... Other creoles have a general tendency to merge the habitual with completive, the habitual with progressive, or the habitual with future ... Thus, we can only assume that the habitual is expressed through context and not through morphological marking ...
Famous quotes containing the words tense and/or habitual:
“I dont think Dr. King helped racial harmony, I think he helped racial justice. What I profess to do is help the oppressed and if I cause a load of discomfort in the white community and the black community, that in my opinion means Im being effective, because Im not trying to make them comfortable. The job of an activist is to make people tense and cause social change.”
—Al, Reverend Sharpton (b. 1954)
“It is no more dusky in ordinary nights than our minds habitual atmosphere, and the moonlight is as bright as our most illuminated moments are.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)