Bengali Grammar - Verbs - Tense - Habitual Past Tense

Habitual Past Tense

The habitual past tense has a few different uses. It is used for events that happened regularly, such as "I used to eat out every day" or "He wrote poems when he was young", the equivalent of an imperfect. It may also be used as a sort of conditional, such as the following: "If you asked I would come" or "If you had asked I would have come". It is easy to form the habitual past tense: simply start with the simple past tense and change the l to t (except in the tui form). The endings are -tam, -tish, -te, -to, -ten. For example: ami dekhtam, tui dekhtish, tumi dekhte, she dekhto, apni dekhten. In less standard varieties of Bengali, "a" is substituted for "e" in second-person familiar forms; thus "tumi bolta, khulta, khelta," etc.

Verb 1 2 (VF) 2 (F) 3 (F) 2/3 (P)
বলা আমি boltam তুই boltish তুমি bolte সে bolto apni bolten
khola আমি khultam তুই khultish তুমি khulte সে khulto apni khulten
khêla আমি kheltam তুই kheltish তুমি khelte সে khelto apni khelten
chena আমি chintam তুই chintish তুমি chinte সে chinto apni chinten
jana আমি jantam তুই jantish তুমি jante সে janto apni janten
hôoa আমি hotam তুই hotish তুমি hote সে hoto apni hoten
dhoa আমি dhutam তুই dhutish তুমি dhute সে dhuto apni dhuten
khaoa আমি khetam তুই khetish তুমি khete সে kheto apni kheten
dêoa আমি ditam তুই ditish তুমি dite সে dito apni diten

Read more about this topic:  Bengali Grammar, Verbs, Tense

Other articles related to "habitual":

Habitual Residence
... In conflict of laws, habitual residence is the standard used to determine the law which should be applied to determine a given legal dispute ... Habitual residence is less demanding than domicile and the focus is more on past experience rather than future intention ... There is normally only one habitual residence where the individual usually resides and routinely returns to after visiting other places ...
Saṃsāra (Buddhism) - Characteristics - Habitual, Repetitive Pattern
... The nature of samsara is a habitual, repetitive pattern ... Ajahn Sucitto explains The pattern is that each new arising, or “birth” if you like, is experienced as unfulfilling ...
BZJ - Morphology - Aspect - The Habitual Aspect
... Belizean Creole does not have a habitual aspect in its own right ... Other creoles have a general tendency to merge the habitual with completive, the habitual with progressive, or the habitual with future ... Thus, we can only assume that the habitual is expressed through context and not through morphological marking ...

Famous quotes containing the words tense and/or habitual:

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