Bal Maidens

Some articles on bal maidens, bal maiden, bal, maiden:

Bal Maiden - Industrialisation and The 19th Century Copper Boom
... While the mine managers of the 18th century generally treated bal maidens as useful only for breaking and sorting ore, the managers of these new mines sought to use all their ... An experienced bal maiden working as a spaller would produce approximately one ton (2240 lb 1016 kg) of broken ore per day, depending on the type of stone ... in 1804 the tasks traditionally carried out by bal maidens began to be mechanised ...
Bal Maiden
... A bal maiden, from the Cornish language bal (mine) and the English maiden (young or unmarried woman), was a female manual labourer in the mining industries of Cornwall and the bordering areas ... At least 55,000 women and girls worked as bal maidens, and the actual number is likely to have been much higher ... worked both on the surface and underground, the bal maidens of Cornwall and Devon worked only on the surface ...
Bal Maiden - Decline - Emigration and Economic Collapse
... railway networks, the jobs traditionally done by bal maidens, where they still existed, were usually done by locally recruited men or boys, and the tradition of ... While a few former bal maidens found alternative employment at local factories, and large numbers emigrated, the unemployment situation in Cornwall remained bad ... As early as the 1860s, charitable schemes had begun for training former bal maidens as domestic servants, and as the textile industry of the North of England boomed a concerted effort was made to recruit ...

Famous quotes containing the word maidens:

    Most of the folktales dealing with the Indians are lurid and romantic. The story of the Indian lovers who were refused permission to wed and committed suicide is common to many places. Local residents point out cliffs where Indian maidens leaped to their death until it would seem that the first duty of all Indian girls was to jump off cliffs.
    —For the State of Iowa, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)