Anthony Eden

Anthony Eden

Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, KG, MC, PC (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician, who was Prime Minister from 1955 to 1957. He was also Foreign Secretary for three periods between 1935 and 1955, including during World War II. He is best known for his outspoken opposition to appeasement in the 1930s, his diplomatic leadership in the 1940s and 1950s, and the failure of his Middle East policy in 1956 that ended his premiership.

Eden's worldwide reputation as an opponent of appeasement, a "Man of Peace", and a skilled diplomat was overshadowed in the second year of his premiership when the United States refused to support the Anglo-French military response to the Suez Crisis, which critics across party lines regarded as an historic setback for British foreign policy, signalling the end of British predominance in the Middle East. Most historians argue that he made a series of blunders, especially not realizing the depth of opposition to military action by the US. Most historians say that Eden completely dominated the British decision-making process in the Suez crisis. However, Jonathan Pearson argues in Sir Anthony Eden and the Suez Crisis: Reluctant Gamble (2002) that Eden was more reluctant and less bellicose than most historians say.

He is generally ranked among the least successful British Prime Ministers of the 20th century, although two broadly sympathetic biographies (in 1986 and 2003) have gone some way to redressing the balance of opinion. D.R. Thorpe says the Suez Crisis "was a truly tragic end to his premiership, and one that came to assume a disproportionate importance in any assessment of his career."

Read more about Anthony EdenEarly Life, Education and War Service, Life and Career, Foreign Secretary and Resignation (1935–38), World War II (1939–45), Prime Minister (1955–57), Retirement From Politics, Illness and Death, Character and Speaking Style, Eden in Popular Culture, The Eden Government, Ancestry, Partial Bibliography

Other articles related to "anthony eden, eden":

Anthony Eden Hat
... An "Anthony Eden" hat, or simply an "Anthony Eden", was a silk-brimmed, black felt Homburg of the kind favoured in the 1930s by Anthony Eden, later 1st Earl ... Eden was a Cabinet Minister in the British National Government, holding the offices of Lord Privy Seal from 1934–1935 and Foreign Secretary 1935 to 1938 ... The "Anthony Eden" (rarely the "Eden", except in London's Savile Row) was not marketed as such and the name was purely informal, but the use of the term was widespread, entering ...
Foreign Secretary - List of Foreign Secretaries - Secretaries of State For Foreign Affairs, 1900–1968
... June 18 ... December 1935 (resigned) Conservative Stanley Baldwin Anthony Eden 22 December 20 ... February 1938 (resigned) Conservative Neville Chamberlain The Viscount Halifax 21 February 22 ... December ...
Anthony Eden - Partial Bibliography
... The Eden Memoirs Facing the Dictators ... The Eden Memoirs the Reckoning ... The Eden Memoirs Full Circle ...
The Anthony Eden in Popular Culture - "Who Wears An Anthony Eden Hat Today?"
... diplomat Geoffrey McDermott asked, with evident disdain, "who wears an Anthony Eden hat today? Only Mr Steptoe, Mr Enoch Powell and, rather curiously, Mr Kosygin ... streamed from the broad rim of his black Homburg hat." Another well-known wearer of an "Anthony Eden" was Sergeant Arthur Wilson (played by John Le ... Wilson replied that "Mrs Pike says it makes me look like Eden" ...
List Of Secretaries Of State For Foreign Affairs (UK) - Foreign Secretary of The United Kingdom
... Stanley Baldwin (Conservative) 7 June 18 ... December 1935 Conservative Anthony Eden Stanley Baldwin (Conservative) Neville Chamberlain (Conservative) 22 December 20 ... February 1938 ...

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