Ahmad Shah Durrani

Ahmad Shah Durrani (c. 1722–1773) (Pashto/Persian: احمد شاه درانی‎), also known as Ahmad Shāh Abdālī (Pashto/Persian: احمد شاه ابدالي) and born as Ahmad Khān, was the founder of the Durrani Empire (Afghan Empire) in 1747 and is regarded by many to be the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan.

Ahmad Khan enlisted as a young soldier in the military of the Afsharid kingdom and quickly rose to become a commander of four thousand Abdali Pashtun soldiers. After the death of Nader Shah Afshar of Persia in June 1747, Abdali became the Emir of Khorasan. Rallying his Pashtun tribes and allies, he pushed east towards the Mughal and the Maratha Empire of India as well as west towards the disintegrating Afsharid Empire of Persia and north toward the Khanate of Bukhara. Within a few years he had conquered all of today's Afghanistan and Pakistan, including much of northeastern Iran and the Punjab region in the Indian subcontinent. He decisively defeated the Marathas at the 1761 Battle of Panipat which was fought north of Delhi in India.

After his natural death in 1772–73, his son Timur Shah took control of the empire. Ahmad Shah's mausoleum is located at Kandahar, Afghanistan, adjacent to the famous Mosque of the Cloak of the Prophet Mohammed in the center of the city. The Afghans often refer to him as Ahmad Shah Bābā (Ahmad Shah the "Father").

Read more about Ahmad Shah Durrani:  Early Years, Commander in The Afsharid Military, Rise To Power, Forming The Last Afghan Empire, Death and Legacy, Ahmad Shah's Poetry, Timeline

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Maratha Empire - The Peshwa Era (1749 To 1761) - Balaji Baji Rao
... pushing into in the wake of the Afghan withdrawal after Ahmed Shah Abdali's plunder of Delhi in 1756 ... Ahmad Shah Durrani's son Timur Shah Durrani and Jahan Khan have been pursued by our troops, and their troops completely looted ... So Ahmad Shah Durrani has returned to Kandahar with some 12–14 thousand broken troops ...
Battle Of Panipat (1761)
... and a coalition of the King of Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Durrani with two Indian Muslim allies—the Rohilla Afghans of the Doab, and Shuja-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Oudh ... heavy cavalry and mounted artillery(zamburak and jizail) of the Afghans and Rohillas led by Ahmad Shah Durrani and Najib-ud-Daulah, both ethnic Pashtuns (the former is also known as Ahmad Shah ... This brought the Marathas into direct confrontation with the Durrani empire of Ahmad Shah Abdali ...
Badakhshan - History - Later Emirates and Khanates
... After the conquest of Badakhshan by Ahmad Shah Durrani in the later half of the 18th century, the capital was relocated to Faizabad, then known as Jauzun ... In 1750, Mir Sultan Shah ruler of Badakhshan rebelled against Khizri Beg, Governor of Balkh ... After consulting Ahmad Shah Durrani, Khizri Beg marched against Sultan Shah and the Wazir Shah Wali aided the invading column ...
Alekozai - Notable Individuals
... Queen Zarghoona Alakozai (mother of King Ahmad Shah Durrani, founder of the Durrani Empire) ... Abdul Ghani Alakozai, governor of Nadirabad and chieftain of the Durrani, under King Nader Shah ... Abdullah Khan Alakozai, governor of Kashmir (1795–1807, under King Zaman Shah Durrani) ...
Ahmad Shah Durrani - Timeline
... 1722 Ahmad Shah is born as Ahmad Khan in Multan or Herat. 1739 At the age of 16, Ahmad Shah commands a 4,000-strong cavalry contingent in support of Nader Shah's invasion of India. 1762 Ahmad Shah wins his most famous military battle defeating the Marathas at Panipat ...

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