Kashmir

Kashmir (Kashmiri: کٔشِیر / कॅशीर; Urdu: کشمیری‎; Uyghur: كەشمىر‎; Shina: کشمیر) is the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent. Until the mid-19th century, the term Kashmir geographically denoted only the valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain range. Today Kashmir denotes a larger area that includes the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir (which consists of the divisions: the Kashmir valley, Jammu and Ladakh), the Pakistani-administered Gilgit–Baltistan and the Azad Kashmir provinces, and the Chinese-administered regions of Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract.

In the first half of the first millennium, the Kashmir region became an important center of Hinduism and later of Buddhism; later still, in the ninth century, Kashmir Shaivism arose. In 1349, Shah Mir became the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir and inaugurated the Salatin-i-Kashmir or Swati dynasty. For the next five centuries, Muslim monarchs ruled Kashmir, including the Mughals, who ruled from 1526 until 1751, then the Afghan Durrani Empire that ruled from 1747 until 1820. That year, the Sikhs, under Ranjit Singh, annexed Kashmir. In 1846, upon the purchase of the region from the British under the Treaty of Amritsar, the Dogras—under Gulab Singh—became the new rulers. Dogra Rule, under the paramountcy (or tutelage) of the British Crown, lasted until 1947, when the former princely state became a disputed territory, now administered by three countries: India, Pakistan, and the People's Republic of China.

Read more about Kashmir:  Etymology, Current Status and Political Divisions, Demographics, Culture and Cuisine, Economy, History of Tourism in Kashmir

Other articles related to "kashmir":

Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad - Prime Ministership
... The famous Kashmir Conspiracy Case against Abdullah and others was started during his premiership ... an able administrator and is remembered as the "Architect of Modern Kashmir" because of his constructive work in the State ... He set Kashmir on the road to progress, gave a practical shape to the ideal of "Naya Kashmir", and earned fame and goodwill at home and outside Kashmir ...
Ganderbal District - Climate
... Ganderbal district possesses all the typical characteristics of the climate of Kashmir Valley as a whole ... Sir Walter Lawrence writes in his book The Valley of Kashmir that in latitude, Kashmir corresponds with Peshawar, Baghdad and Damascus in Asia with Fez in Morocco and South Carolina in America, but it presents ... People have linked the climate of Kashmir to that of Switzerland until the end of May, and of Southern France in July and August ...
History of Tourism in Kashmir
... The state of Jammu Kashmir is a region of widely varying people and geography ... Nature has lavishly endowed Kashmir with certain distinctive favors which hardly find a parallel in any alpine land of the world ... clad mountains that shares a common boundary with Afghanistan, China and Pakistan, Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of the Indian Union ...
Jammu And Kashmir State Board Of School Education
... The Jammu and Kashmir State Board of School Education (abbreviated as JKSBSE or JK BOSE) is the main board of school education in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir ... the administration of the state government of Jammu and Kashmir ...
Coalition Against Communalism
... In Kashmir, CAC opposes "widespread abuses of human rights in the State of Jammu and Kashmir by the State or Central government" as well as "the continuing violence in Jammu ...