Acetolactate Decarboxylase

In enzymology, an acetolactate decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.5) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(S)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-oxobutanoate (R)-2-acetoin + CO2

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, (S)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-oxobutanoate, and two products, (R)-2-acetoin and CO2.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the carboxy-lyases, which cleave carbon-carbon bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (S)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-oxobutanoate carboxy-lyase . Other names in common use include alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase, and (S)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-oxobutanoate carboxy-lyase. This enzyme participates in butanoate metabolism and c5-branched dibasic acid metabolism.

Read more about Acetolactate DecarboxylaseStructural Studies