What is smallpox?

  • (noun): A highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars.
    Synonyms: variola, variola major

Smallpox

Smallpox was an infectious disease unique to humans, caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. The disease is also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera, derived from varius ("spotted") or varus ("pimple"). The disease was originally known in English as the "pox" or "red plague"; the term "smallpox" was first used in Britain in the 15th century to distinguish variola from the "great pox" (syphilis). The last naturally occurring case of smallpox (Variola minor) was diagnosed on 26 October 1977.

Read more about Smallpox.

Some articles on smallpox:

Smallpox Survivors - Society and Culture - Religion and Mythology
... As a reaction to the devastation of smallpox, smallpox gods and goddesses were invented as a mechanism to cope with the disease ... In China, the smallpox goddess was referred to as T’ou-Shen Niang-Niang ... For example, the Chinese referred to the smallpox pustules as "beautiful flowers" this was an attempt to not offend the goddess and keep her happy ...
Smallpox Survivors
... Smallpox was an infectious disease unique to humans, caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor ... disease was originally known in English as the "pox" or "red plague" the term "smallpox" was first used in Britain in the 15th century to distinguish variola from the ... The last naturally occurring case of smallpox (Variola minor) was diagnosed on 26 October 1977 ...
Smallpox - See Also
... Medicine portal 1837–1838 smallpox epidemic (in the US) Aral smallpox incident Biological warfare CCR5-Δ32 Columbian Exchange Herd immunity List of cutaneous ...
Smallpox Survivors - See Also
... Medicine portal 1837–1838 smallpox epidemic (in the US) Aral smallpox incident Biological warfare CCR5-Δ32 Columbian Exchange Herd immunity List of cutaneous conditions ...
Smallpox Survivors - Society and Culture - Notable Cases
... Famous historical figures who contracted smallpox include Lakota Chief Sitting Bull, Ramses V of Egypt, the Kangxi Emperor (survived), Shunzhi Emperor and Tongzhi Emperor (refer to the official history) of ... the 10th tlatoani (ruler) of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan, died of smallpox in 1520, shortly after its introduction to the Americas, and the Incan emperor Huayna Capac died of it in 1527 ... In Europe, deaths from smallpox often changed dynastic succession ...

Famous quotes containing the word smallpox:

    Most of the trouble in this world has been caused by folks who can’t mind their own business, because they have no business of their own to mind, any more than a smallpox virus has.
    William Burroughs (b. 1914)

    The man who would change the name of Arkansas is the original, iron-jawed, brass-mouthed, copper-bellied corpse-maker from the wilds of the Ozarks! He is the man they call Sudden Death and General Desolation! Sired by a hurricane, dam’d by an earthquake, half-brother to the cholera, nearly related to the smallpox on his mother’s side!
    —Administration in the State of Arka, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)