What is Shah?

  • (noun): Title for the former hereditary monarch of Iran.
    Synonyms: Shah of Iran


Shah (/ˈʃɑː/; Persian: شاه‎, king) is a title given to the kings and lords of Iran and India. It was continuously used in Persia and Greater Iran. In India, it was used by Mughal rulers. The word derives from the Old Iranian, Avestan xšaΘra, "power" and "command", corresponding to Sanskrit (Ancient Indian) kshatriya, "warrior". The full, Old Persian title of the Achaemenid rulers of the First Persian Empire was XšāyaΘiya XšāyaΘiyānām, "King of Kings"." The Persian term Shah should not be confused with the Indian family name of Shah prevalent in Western India which is derived from Sanskrit Sadhu and the Prakrit word Sahu.

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Some articles on Shah:

Michael Ledeen - Views On Iran
... a "clerical fascist", and that while it was legitimate to criticize the Shah's regime, if Khomeini seized power in Iran the Iranian people would suffer an even greater loss of freedom ... supposedly believed that the Ayatollah overthrew Shah Reza Pahlavi because the Iranian government was 'excessively repressive and intolerant.' While it would not do to come right out and deny the ... The shah had Westernized Iran'—except, perhaps, in his prisons, where the ancient methods of torture were routinely employed on dissidents of all sorts." ...
Shah - Related Terms
... Shah is a widespread name in Iran and the Indian subcontinent ... See Shah (surname) ... Old Persian word meaning "realm, province" and related etymologically to shah ...
Muhammad II Of Khwarezm - Fall
... Upon successfully retrieving him, Genghis Khan made contact with the Shah ... having heard exaggerated reports of the Mongols, the Shah believed this gesture was only a ploy to invade his land ... The Shah, in turn, had one of his governors openly accuse the party of spying, their rich goods were seized and the party was arrested ...
Idris Shah II Of Perak
... Sultan Idris Iskandar Shah II, (12 August 1924 – 31 January 1984) was the Sultan of the Malaysian state of Perak from 1963 until his death in 1984 ... a first cousin once removed of Sultan Azlan Shah ...
Abdullah Shah
... Abdullah Shah (died April 20, 2004) was an Afghan man found guilty in Kabul of killing more than 20 people, including his wife ... Shah served under Zardad Khan —even earning the nickname Zardad's dog— who served under Gulbuddin Hekmatyar in the Civil war in Afghanistan (1992–1996) ... Shah and Zardad robbed travelers on the road from Kabul to Jalalabad ...

Famous quotes containing the word shah:

    Varis Shah says habits don’t die even if we are cut into pieces.
    —Varis Shah (18th cent.)