Nader Shah

Nader Shah

Nāder Shāh Afshār (Persian: نادر شاه افشار‎; also known as Nāder Qoli Beg - نادر قلی بیگ or Tahmāsp Qoli Khān - تهماسپ قلی خان) (November, 1688 or August 6, 1698 – June 19, 1747) ruled as Shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the Afsharid dynasty. Because of his military genius, some historians have described him as the Napoleon of Persia or the Second Alexander. Nader Shah was a member of the Turkic Afshar tribe of northern Persia, which had supplied military power to the Safavid state since the time of Shah Ismail I.

Nader rose to power during a period of anarchy in Iran after a rebellion by the Hotaki Afghans had overthrown the weak Persian Shah Sultan Husayn, and both the Ottomans and the Russians had seized Persian territory for themselves. Nader reunited the Persian realm and removed the invaders. He became so powerful that he decided to depose the last members of the Safavid dynasty, which had ruled Iran for over 200 years, and become shah himself in 1736. His numerous campaigns created a great empire that briefly encompassed what is now part of or including Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, India, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, Oman and the Persian Gulf but his military spending had a ruinous effect on the Persian economy.

Nader idolized Genghis Khan and Timur, the previous conquerors from Central Asia. He imitated their military prowess and—especially later in his reign—their cruelty. His victories briefly made him the Middle East's most powerful sovereign, but his empire quickly disintegrated after he was assassinated in 1747. Nader Shah has been described as "the last great Asian military conqueror". He is credited for restoring Iranian power as an eminence between the Ottomans and the Mughals.

Read more about Nader ShahEarly Life, Fall of The Safavid Dynasty, Fall of The Hotaki Dynasty, Ottoman Campaign, Nader Becomes Shah, Religious Policy, Invasion of India, After India, Domestic Policies, Death and Legacy

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Military History Of Persia - Afsharid Dynasty (1750 To 1794)
... the decline of the Safavid state a brilliant general by the name of Nader Shah took the reins of the country ... It was Nader Shah who, with great force, drove the Ottomans and Russians out of the occupied lands and eventually began expanding the borders of Greater Iran ... Following Nader Shah, many of the other leaders of the Afsharid dynasty were weak and the state they had built quickly gave way to the Qajars ...
Nader Shah - Death and Legacy
... Nader became crueller and crueller as a result of his illness and his desire to extort more and more tax money to pay for his military campaigns ... More and more revolts broke out and Nader crushed them ruthlessly, building towers from his victims’ skulls in imitation of his hero Timur ... In 1747, Nader set off for Khorasan where he intended to punish Kurdish rebels ...
Persian War Elephants - Ghaznavid War Elephants - Persians Fighting Against Elephants, 18th Century India
... In 1739, Nader Shah of Persia's Afsharid dynasty invaded India and led an army to the capital, Delhi but he was halted on the way by the Mughul ruler Muhammad Shah and his ... Nader Shah is said to have sent pots of oil to the front lines, where the accompanying goats' horns were ordered to be set on fire ... Different authorities claim that Nader Shah ordered camels to be paired together and platforms constructed between them a mixture of naphtha combustibles was placed on the platforms with orders to set them ...
Abbas III
... (died 1739? reigned 1732–1736) was a son of Shah Tahmasp II of the Safavid dynasty ... After the deposition of his father by Nader Khan (the future Nader Shah) the infant Abbas was appointed nominal ruler of Iran on 7 September 1732 ... Nader Khan, who was the real ruler of the country, assumed the positions of deputy of state and viceroy ...
Panah Ali Khan - Origins and Early Life
... After the dethronement of the Safavids in 1736 by Nader Shah, the landed classes of Ganja and Karabakh gathered in Mugan (the Javanshirs were also ... When this news reached Nadeh Shah, he ordered all Muslim landowners of the region and their families deported to Khorasan (northeastern Iran) as a punishment ... gérant de maison, found himself displeased with Nader Shah's attitude towards him and having gathered many of those deported from Karabakh in 1736 ...

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