What is reasoning?

Some articles on reasoning:

Simulation Hypothesis - Origins - Later Thinkers - David Hume
... Hume (1711–1776) argued for two kinds of reasoning probable and demonstrative (Hume's fork), and applied these to the skeptical argument that reality ... He concludes that neither of these two forms of reasoning can lead us to belief in the continued existence of an external world ... that the sun will rise tomorrow), Probable reasoning, which aims to take us from the observed to the unobserved, cannot do this either, as it also depends on the uniformity of nature, and ...
Statistical Relational Learning
... above, the field is not strictly limited to learning aspects it is equally concerned with reasoning (specifically probabilistic inference) and knowledge representation ... terms that reflect the main foci of the field include statistical relational learning and reasoning (emphasizing the importance of reasoning) and first-order probabilistic languages (emphasizing the key properties ...

More definitions of "reasoning":

Famous quotes containing the word reasoning:

    We put [young children] into kindergarten where their reasoning powers are ruined; or, if we can afford it, we buy Montessori outfits that were invented for semi-imbeciles in Italian slums; or we send them to outdoor schools and give them prizes for sleeping.
    Katharine Fullerton Gerould (1879–1944)

    It is certain that the only hope of retroductive reasoning ever reaching the truth is that there may be some natural tendency toward an agreement between the ideas which suggest themselves to the human mind and those which are concerned in the laws of nature.
    Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914)

    Acts themselves alone are history.... Tell me the acts, O historian, and leave me to reason upon them as I please; away with your reasoning and your rubbish! All that is not action is not worth reading.
    William Blake (1757–1827)