In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of such groupings. This is a different concept to the sociological concept of the Öffentlichkeit or public sphere. The concept of a public has also been defined in political science, psychology, marketing, and advertising. In public relations and communication science, it is one of the more ambiguous concepts in the field. Although it has definitions in the theory of the field that have been formulated from the early 20th century onwards, it has suffered in more recent years from being blurred, as a result of conflation of the idea of a public with the notions of audience, market segment, community, constituency, and stakeholder.
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Some articles on public:
... A depiction of a mandala may be less public than that of a deity ... That of a higher tantric deity may be less public than that of a lower ... The degree to which information on Vajrayāna is now public in western languages is controversial among Tibetan Buddhists ...
... is a public utility company based in Minneapolis, Minnesota, serving more than 3.3 million electric customers and 1.8 million natural gas customers in eight states Colorado, Michigan, Minnesota, New ... Operating companies include Northern States Power Company, Public Service Company of Colorado, and Southwestern Public Service Co ...
... be involved in scientific research or public education, such as conducting tours and answering questions ... conservation or to be displayed to the public ... Zoos are open to the public and are visited by all varieties of people and ages, and zookeepers must also entertain and inform the zoo’s visitors ...
... general, is often interpreted much differently in the public sphere than in the scientific community ... This is due in part to the diversity of the public audience, and the tendency for scientists to misunderstand lay audiences and therefore not communicate ideas clearly and effectively ... Also, in the public realm, there are often many scientific voices giving input on a single topic ...
... and financial resources for providing public services among different levels of governance ... the planning, financing and management of public functions from the central government or regional governments and its agencies to local governments, semi-autonomous public authorities or corporations, or area-w ...
More definitions of "public":
- (noun): People in general considered as a whole.
Example: "He is a hero in the eyes of the public"
Synonyms: populace, world
- (noun): A body of people sharing some common interest.
Example: "The reading public"
- (adj): Not private; open to or concerning the people as a whole.
Example: "The public good"; "public libraries"; "public funds"; "public parks"; "a public scandal"; "public gardens"; "performers and members of royal families are public figures"
Famous quotes containing the word public:
“In a Kelton church, when a heated argument once began at morning services, a devout old deacon arose from his seat in the amen corner and announced he was going to do for the church what the devil had never doneleave it.”
—Administration in the State of Sout, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)
“The energy, the brutality, the scale, the contrast, the tension, the rapid changeand the permanent congestionare what the New Yorker misses when he leaves the city.”
—In New York City, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)
“Some crimes get honor and renown by being committed with more pomp, by a greater number, and in a higher degree of wickedness than others. Hence it is that public robberies, plunderings, and sackings have been looked upon as excellencies and noble achievements, and the seizing of whole countries, however unjustly and barbarously, is dignified with the glorious name of gaining conquests.”
—François, Duc De La Rochefoucauld (16131680)