What is participle?

  • (noun): A non-finite form of the verb; in English it is used adjectivally and to form compound tenses.
    Synonyms: participial


A participle is a form of a verb which is used in a sentence to modify a noun or noun phrase, and thus plays a role similar or identical to that of an adjective, or sometimes an adverb. It is one of the types of non-finite verb forms. The word comes from Latin participium, a calque of Greek metochḗ "partaking" or "sharing"; it is so named because the Ancient Greek and Latin participles "share" some of the categories of the adjective or noun (gender, number, case) and some of those of the verb (tense and voice).

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Some articles on participle:

Participle - Other Languages - Esperanto
... Esperanto has 6 different participle conjugations active and passive for past, present and future ... The participles are formed as follows Past Present Future Active -int- -ant- -ont- Passive -it- -at- -ot- For example, a falonta botelo is a bottle which will fall ... These examples use the active participles, but the usage of the passive participles is similar ...
List Of Spanish Irregular Participles - Verbs With Irregular Participle
... Verb Participle Meaning abrir abierto 'open(ed)' cubrir cubierto 'covered' decir dicho 'said' descubrir descubierto 'discovered' escribir escrito 'written' -facer1 -fecho — hacer ... Verbs derived from the stems in the table above have participles similar to those of their "parent" verbs — e.g ... pattern is not followed by corromper, whose participle is regular (corrompido), nor by bendecir and maldecir (see table below) ...
Middle High German Verbs - Verb Forms - Past Participle
... The past participle in Middle High German is formed by prefixing "ge-" to the verb stem, in addition to a dental suffix ("-d-" or "-(e)t-") for weak verbs, or by prefixing "ge-" to the infinitive of a ... The past participle of "sëhen" is "gesëhen" the past participle of "dienen" is "gedienet" ... As in English, the past participle can be used as part of a verbal phrase to form tenses (e.g ...
Sanskrit Verbs - Participles - Future Participles - Future Participle
... Formed from the future stem just as the present participle is formed from the present stem, the future participle describes an action that has not yet happened, but that may in the future ...
Meaning of Slavic Names - Participle-built Names
... These are derived either from the past participle (in the passive voice), e.g ... Chocian, Kochan, Miłowan, Pomian, Stator, Wygnan, or the present participle (in the active voice), e.g ...