What is original jurisdiction?

Original Jurisdiction

The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a court has the power to review a lower court's decision.

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Some articles on original jurisdiction:

Original Jurisdiction - United States
... In the United States, courts having original jurisdiction are referred to as trial courts ... Supreme Court has original jurisdiction concurrently with lower courts ... The original jurisdiction of the U.S ...
Law Of Bangladesh - The Judiciary of Bangladesh - The High Court Division
... practical purposes, an independent court with its powers, functions and jurisdictions well defined and determined under the Constitution and different laws ... It has both appellate as well as original jurisdiction ... It has original jurisdiction to hear Writ Applications under article 102 of the Constitution, which is known as extra ordinary constitutional jurisdiction ...
Court Of Appeal For Saskatchewan - Court Structure and Jurisdiction - Original Jurisdiction
... The Court has a limited original jurisdiction, giving it the discretion to grant relief by way of a prerogative writ ... since it is primarily a court of appeal, it will only entertain original applications for prerogative relief in extraordinary circumstances ... It also has any original jurisdiction that is necessary or incidental to the hearing and determination of an appeal ...
Judiciary Of India - High Courts of India
... These courts have jurisdiction over a state, a union territory or a group of states and union territories ... The High Courts are the principal civil courts of original jurisdiction in the state along with District Courts which are subordinate to the High courts ... However, High courts exercise their original civil and criminal jurisdiction only if the courts subordinate to the High court in the state are not competent (not authorized by law) to try such matters for lack of ...
Federal Court Of Australia - Original Jurisdiction
... The Federal Court has no inherent jurisdiction ... Its jurisdiction flows from statute ... The Court's original jurisdiction include matters arising from Commonwealth legislation such as, for example, matters relating to taxation, trade practices, native title, intellectual ...

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