What is capital punishment?

Capital Punishment

Capital punishment or the death penalty is a legal process whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime. The judicial decree that someone be punished in this manner is a death sentence, while the actual process of killing the person is an execution. Crimes that can result in a death penalty are known as capital crimes or capital offences. The term capital originates from the Latin capitalis, literally "regarding the head" (referring to execution by beheading).

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Some articles on capital punishment:

List Of United States Supreme Court Decisions On Capital Punishment
... Court has issued numerous rulings on the use of capital punishment (the death penalty) ... (or state) statute does not constitute cruel and unusual punishment ... Judges are required to ensure that indigent defendants in capital cases who could not represent themselves be appointed counsel ...
Catholic Doctrine Regarding The Ten Commandments - Fifth Commandment - Capital Punishment
... Main article Catholic Church and capital punishment See also List of people executed by the Holy See For the first two hundred years, Christians "refused to ... as a public institution in 313, its attitude toward capital punishment became one of toleration but not outright acceptance ... Ambrose encouraged members of the clergy to pronounce and carry out capital punishment, while Augustine answered objections rooted in the fifth commandment in The ...
Stoning - In History - In Judaism - Mishna
... As God alone was deemed to be the only arbiter in the use of capital punishment, not fallible people, the Sanhedrin made stoning a hypothetical ... doubts were growing in Jewish society about the effectiveness of capital punishment in general (and stoning in particular) in acting as a useful deterrent ... sages imposed so many restrictions on the implementation of capital punishment as to make it de facto illegal ...
Capital Punishment In Norway
... Capital punishment in Norway (Norwegian dødsstraff) was abolished in 1979 ... The penal code/the criminal law of 1902, in force from 1905, abolished capital punishment in peacetime ... Military capital punishment was abolished in 1979 ...
Capital Punishment - Religious Views - Judaism
... A capital case could not be tried by a normal Beit Din of three judges, it can only be adjudicated by a Sanhedrin of a minimum of 23 judges ... in 30, the Sanhedrin effectively abolished capital punishment, making it a hypothetical upper limit on the severity of punishment, fitting in finality for God alone to use, not ...

Famous quotes containing the words capital punishment, punishment and/or capital:

    We make needless ado about capital punishment,—taking lives, when there is no life to take.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    What children learn from punishment is that might makes right. When they are old and strong enough, they will try to get their own back; thus many children punish their parents by acting in ways distressing to them.
    Bruno Bettelheim (20th century)

    There exists, between people in love, a kind of capital held by each. This is not just a stock of affects or pleasure, but also the possibility of playing double or quits with the share you hold in the other’s heart.
    Jean Baudrillard (b. 1929)