What is Belgium?

  • (noun): A monarchy in northwestern Europe; headquarters for the European Union and for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
    Synonyms: Kingdom of Belgium, Belgique


Belgium (i/ˈbɛldʒəm/ BEL-jəm), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO. Belgium covers an area of 30,528 square kilometres (11,787 sq mi), and it has a population of about 11 million people. Straddling the cultural boundary between Germanic and Latin Europe, Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups, the Dutch-speakers, mostly Flemish (about 60%), and the French-speakers, mostly Walloons (about 40%), plus a small group of German-speakers. Belgium's two largest regions are the Dutch-speaking region of Flanders in the north and the French-speaking southern region of Wallonia. The Brussels-Capital Region, officially bilingual, is a mostly French-speaking enclave within the Flemish Region. A German-speaking Community exists in eastern Wallonia. Belgium's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in the political history and a complex system of government.

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Some articles on Belgium:

French Community Of Belgium
... The French Community of Belgium (French Communauté française, Dutch Franse Gemeenschap, also controversially called the Wallonia-Brussels Federation) is one of the ... its name could suggest that it is a community of French citizens in Belgium, it is not ... The French Community of Belgium is not a group of people or inhabitants, but an official institution which refers to French-speaking Belgian citizens ...
Treaty Of London (1839) - Iron Rhine
... The Treaty of London also guaranteed Belgium the right of transit by rail or canal over Dutch territory as an outway to the German Ruhr ... the Permanent Court of Arbitration in a dispute between Belgium and the Netherlands on the railway track ... In 2004 Belgium requested a reopening of the Iron Rhine ...
Belgium, Illinois - Demographics
... There were 185 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...
Malmedy - History
... In 1919 the city was annexed by the treaty of Versailles to Belgium from Germany ... the neighboring city of Eupen, it formed a German-speaking area of Belgium ... Under the complex administrative structures of Belgium, which has separate structures for territorial administration and for language community rights ...