What is apoplexy?

  • (noun): A sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain.
    Synonyms: stroke, cerebrovascular accident, CVA


Apoplexy is a medical term, which can be used to describe "bleeding" in a stroke (formerly described as a cerebrovascular accident). Without further specification, it is rather outdated in use. Among health care professionals, it is used only for specific conditions, such as pituitary apoplexy and ovarian apoplexy. In common speech, it is used non-medically to mean a state of extreme rage or excitement. The word derives from the Greek word apoplēxia (ἀποπληξία) meaning "a striking (or hitting) away".

Read more about Apoplexy.

Some articles on apoplexy:

Pío Pico - Medical History
... This unexpected situation was probably due to spontaneous pituitary apoplexy, in this case, selectively involving his tumor but not the remainder of his own pituitary gland ... In selective pituitary tumor apoplexy, the adenoma undergoes infarction and shrinkage and disappears ... Pico was fortunate, as the mortality from pituitary tumor apoplexy in this pre-treatment era was 50%, and over 80% of patients who survived had inadequate function of the remaining ...
Apoplexy - Non-medical Usage
... Colloquially, particularly in the adjective form apoplectic, apoplexy means furious, enraged, or upset to the point of being unable to deal with a situation rationally or diplomatically ...
Pituitary Apoplexy - History
... The first case description of pituitary apoplexy has been attributed to the American neurologist Pearce Bailey in 1898 ... Surgery for pituitary apoplexy was described in 1925 ... of steroid replacement, the mortality from pituitary apoplexy approximated 50% ...
Pituitary Apoplexy - Causes
... Almost all cases of pituitary apoplexy arise from a pituitary adenoma, a benign tumor of the pituitary gland ... thought that particular types of pituitary tumors were more prone to apoplexy than others, but this has not been confirmed ... In absolute terms, only a very small proportion of pituitary tumors eventually undergoes apoplexy ...
Pituitary Apoplexy - Diagnosis
... has a sensitivity of over 90% for detecting pituitary apoplexy it may demonstrate infarction (tissue damage due to a decreased blood supply) or hemorrhage ... Different MRI sequences can be used to establish when the apoplexy occurred, and the predominant form of damage (hemorrhage or infarction) ... have areas of hemorrhagic infarction on MRI scans, but apoplexy is not said to exist unless it is accompanied by symptoms ...