Weather Underground

The Weather Underground was an American radical left organization. Originally called Weatherman, the group became known colloquially as the Weathermen although its full name, as given in official communiques, was the Weather Underground Organization or WUO. Weatherman first organized in 1969 as a faction of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) composed for the most part of the national office leadership of SDS and their supporters. Their goal was to create a clandestine revolutionary party for the violent overthrow of the US government.

With revolutionary positions characterized by Black liberation rhetoric, the group conducted a campaign of bombings through the mid-1970s, including aiding the jailbreak and escape of Timothy Leary. The "Days of Rage", their first public demonstration on October 8, 1969, was a riot in Chicago timed to coincide with the trial of the Chicago Seven. In 1970 the group issued a "Declaration of a State of War" against the United States government, under the name "Weather Underground Organization" (WUO).

The bombing attacks mostly targeted government buildings, along with several banks. Most were preceded by evacuation warnings, along with communiqués identifying the particular matter that the attack was intended to protest. For the bombing of the United States Capitol on March 1, 1971, they issued a communiqué saying it was "in protest of the U.S. invasion of Laos". For the bombing of the Pentagon on May 19, 1972, they stated it was "in retaliation for the U.S. bombing raid in Hanoi". For the January 29, 1975 bombing of the United States Department of State building, they stated it was "in response to escalation in Vietnam".

The Weathermen grew out of the Revolutionary Youth Movement (RYM) faction of SDS. It took its name from the lyric "You don't need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows", from the Bob Dylan song "Subterranean Homesick Blues". You don't need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows was the title of a position paper they distributed at an SDS convention in Chicago on June 18, 1969. This founding document called for a "white fighting force" to be allied with the "Black Liberation Movement" and other radical movements to achieve "the destruction of US imperialism and achieve a classless world: world communism".

The Weathermen disintegrated after the United States reached a peace accord in Vietnam in 1973, after which the New Left declined.

Read more about Weather UndergroundBackground and Formation, Dissolution 1977 - 1981, Coalitions With Non-WUO Members, Legacy

Other articles related to "weather underground, weather, underground":

Michael Justesen - Weather Underground Organization
... as well as Karen Ashley, Naomi Jaffe, Bill Ayers, Julie Nichamin, and 16 other Weather Underground member's prints were found by FBI in an abandoned apartment dubbed "Pine Street Bomb Factory ... Weather Underground members used the apartment during April 1970 to mid April 1971 ...
Mark Felt - Trial and Conviction
... The FBI was pursuing radicals in the Weather Underground who had planted bombs at the Capitol, the Pentagon, and the State Department ... five addresses in New York and New Jersey, at the homes of relatives and acquaintances of Weather Underground members, and did not lead to the capture of any fugitives ... security justification for the searches because it alleged the Weather Underground was in the employ of Cuba.) ...
Weather Underground (disambiguation)
... Weather Underground was an American radical left political organization ... Weather Underground may also refer to The Weather Underground, a 2002 documentary film about that group Weather Underground (weather service), an Ann Arbor, Michigan-based commercial weather ...
San Francisco Police Department Park Station Bombing
... in the early '70s said the bombing likely was the work of the Weather Underground, and not the Black Liberation Army" In early 2009 conservative advocacy group America's Survival Inc ... advocated for a murder charge against Bill Ayers of the Weather Underground ... a former FBI informant within the Weather Underground, that "there are “irrefutable and compelling reasons” that establish that Ayers and his wife, Bernadine Dohrn, are responsible ...
Weather Underground - Legacy
... Widely known members of the Weather Underground include Kathy Boudin, Mark Rudd, Terry Robbins, Ted Gold, Naomi Jaffe, Cathy Wilkerson, Jeff Jones, Eleanor Raskin, David Gilbert ... Weather Underground member Mark Rudd, reminiscing in 2005 about the Greenwich Village townhouse explosion, said "On the morning of March 6, 1970, three ... risks we posed to others in some of our most extreme actions in those underground years never leaves my thoughts for long ...

Famous quotes containing the words underground and/or weather:

    The only free road, the Underground Railroad, is owned and managed by the Vigilant Committee. They have tunneled under the whole breadth of the land.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    To recover a buried treasure without having it disappear miraculously in the process, one must be entitled to it, and also be willing—really willing deep in his heart—to share it with the poor and helpless. Buried money, especially silver, gives off a bright glow which comes right up through the earth and can be seen as a dim light on nights when the weather is misty or there is a gentle rain.
    —Administration in the State of Ariz, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)