Urie Bronfenbrenner - Ecological Systems Theory

Ecological Systems Theory

Urie Bronfenbrenner is generally regarded as one of the world's leading scholars to focus on the interplay between research and policy on child development. Bronfenbrenner suggests child development research is better informed when institutional policies encourage studies within natural settings and theory finds greater practical application when contextually relevant. This perspective is well defined by Bronfenbrenner, who states, "...basic science needs public policy even more than public policy needs basic science" (Bronfenbrenner, 1979, p. 8, italics in original). It is from this vantage point that Bronfenbrenner conceives his primary contribution, Ecological Systems Theory, in which he delineates four types of nested systems. He calls these:

  • the microsystem (such as the family or classroom);
  • the mesosystem (which is two microsystems in interaction);
  • the exosystem (external environments which indirectly influence development, e.g., parental workplace);
  • and the macrosystem (the larger socio-cultural context).

He later adds a fifth system, called the Chronosystem (the evolution of the four other systems over time).

Read more about this topic:  Urie Bronfenbrenner

Other articles related to "ecological systems theory, system, systems, theory":

Social Ecological Model - Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Framework For Human Development - Ecological Systems Theory - Chronosystem
... Elements within this system can be either external, such as the timing of a parent’s death, or internal, such as the physiological changes that occur with the aging of a child ... Family dynamics need to be framed in the historical context as they occur within each system ...
Ecological Systems Theory - Overview
... His ecological systems theory holds that development reflects the influence of several environmental systems, and it identifies five environmental systems with which an individual interacts ... The person's own biology may be considered part of the microsystem thus the theory has recently sometimes been called "Bio-Ecological Systems Theory." Per this theoretical construction, each system contains ... its publication in 1979, Bronfenbrenner's major statement of this theory, The Ecology of Human Development has had widespread influence on the way psychologists ...
Chaos Theory
... Chaos theory is a field of study in mathematics, with applications in several disciplines including physics, engineering, economics, biology, and ... Chaos theory studies the behavior of dynamical systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions, an effect which is popularly referred to as the butterfly effect ... rounding errors in numerical computation) yield widely diverging outcomes for such dynamical systems, rendering long-term prediction impossible in general ...
Interoperability
... Interoperability is the ability of diverse systems and organizations to work together (inter-operate) ... The term is often used in a technical systems engineering sense, or alternatively in a broad sense, taking into account social, political, and organizational factors that impact system to system performance ... was initially defined for IT systems or services and only allows for information to be exchanged (see definition below), a more generic definition could be this one Interoperability is a property of a product or ...

Famous quotes containing the words theory, ecological and/or systems:

    The things that will destroy America are prosperity-at-any- price, peace-at-any-price, safety-first instead of duty-first, the love of soft living, and the get-rich-quick theory of life.
    Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919)

    Could it not be that just at the moment masculinity has brought us to the brink of nuclear destruction or ecological suicide, women are beginning to rise in response to the Mother’s call to save her planet and create instead the next stage of evolution? Can our revolution mean anything else than the reversion of social and economic control to Her representatives among Womankind, and the resumption of Her worship on the face of the Earth? Do we dare demand less?
    Jane Alpert (b. 1947)

    The only people who treasure systems are those whom the whole truth evades, who want to catch it by the tail. A system is just like truth’s tail, but the truth is like a lizard. It will leave the tail in your hand and escape; it knows that it will soon grow another tail.
    Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev (1818–1883)