Tsetse Fly

Tsetse Fly

Tsetse ( /ˈsiːtsi/, /ˈtsiːtsi/, or /ˈtsɛtsi/), sometimes spelled tzetze and also known as tik-tik flies, are large biting flies that inhabit much of mid-continental Africa between the Sahara and the Kalahari deserts. They live by feeding on the blood of vertebrate animals and are the primary biological vectors of Wuchereria bancrofti, which cause Elephantiasis, and trypanosomes, which cause human sleeping sickness and animal trypanosomiasis, also known as nagana. Tsetse include all the species in the genus Glossina, which are generally placed in their own family, Glossinidae.

Tsetse have been extensively studied because of their disease transmission. These flies are multivoltine, typically producing about four generations yearly, and up to 31 generations total over their entire lifespan.

Tsetse are crudely similar to other large flies, such as the housefly, but can be distinguished by various characteristics of their anatomy, two of which are easy to observe. Tsetse fold their wings completely when they are resting so that one wing rests directly on top of the other over their abdomen. Tsetse also have a long proboscis, which extends directly forward and is attached by a distinct bulb to the bottom of their head.

Fossilized tsetse have been recovered from the Florissant Fossil Beds in Colorado, supposedly laid down some 34 million years ago. There are 23 species of tsetse flies. Diseases transmitted by tsetse flies kill 250,000–300,000 people per year.

Read more about Tsetse Fly:  Biology, Systematics, Trypanosomiasis, Control, Etymology, Popular Culture

Other articles related to "tsetse fly, fly":

African Trypanosomiasis - Life Cycle
... The tsetse fly (genus Glossina) is a large, brown, biting fly that serves as both a host and vector for the trypanosome parasites ... While taking blood from a mammalian host, an infected tsetse fly injects metacyclic trypomastigotes into skin tissue ... A tsetse fly becomes infected with bloodstream trypomastigotes when taking a blood meal on an infected mammalian host ...
Bacterial Endosymbionts in Insects
... APS, the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans and its endosymbiont Wigglesworthia glossinidia brevipalpis and the endosymbiotic protists in lower termites ... of Wigglesworthia is probably to synthesize vitamins that the tsetse fly does not get from the blood that it eats ... For example aphids are crop pests and the tsetse fly carries the organism Trypanosoma brucei that causes African sleeping sickness ...
Wigglesworthia Glossinidia
... coli, which lives in the gut of the tsetse fly ... Wigglesworthia has symbiotically coevolved with the tsetse fly for millions of years, and is a textbook example of a bacterial endosymbiont ... Wigglesworthia also synthesises key vitamins which the tsetse fly does not get from its diet of blood ...
African Trypanosomiasis - Prevention
... The primary method focuses on the eradication of the tsetse fly, which disrupts transmission rates by reducing the number of flies ... and prompt treatment of new infections, and tsetse fly control is the backbone of the strategy used to control sleeping sickness ...
Tsetse Fly - Popular Culture
... The band Wall of Voodoo recorded the song "Tse Tse Fly" on their album Dark Continent ... In the 21st episode of Entourage "Exodus", Ari Gold uses the phrase "Tsetse Fly" to indicate that he is leaving his agency and invites other agents to join him ... the airing of the episode on August 28, 2005, the phrase "Tsetse Fly" has been adopted in business as a signal of disharmony within the organisation ...

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