Social Anthropology

Social Anthropology is one of the four or five branches of anthropology that studies how contemporary human beings behave in social groups. Practitioners of social anthropology investigate, often through long-term, intensive field studies (including participant observation methods), the social organization of a particular person: customs, economic and political organization, law and conflict resolution, patterns of consumption and exchange, kinship and family structure, gender relations, childrearing and socialization, religion, and so on.

Social anthropology also explores the role of meanings, ambiguities and contradictions of social life, patterns of sociality, violence and conflict; and the underlying logics of social behavior. Social anthropologists are trained in the interpretation of narrative, ritual and symbolic behavior, not merely as text, but with communication examined in relation to action, practice, and the historical context in which it is embedded. Social anthropologists address the diversity of positions and perspectives to be found within any social group.

Social Anthropology is the dominant constituent of Anthropology throughout the United Kingdom and Commonwealth and much of Europe, where it is distinguished from Cultural Anthropology . In the USA Social Anthropology is commonly subsumed within cultural anthropology or under the relatively new designation of sociocultural anthropology, which first appeared in the literature in the 1950s, and has more frequently appeared since the late 1960s. Today both social and cultural anthropologists, and some who integrate the two, are found in most institutes of anthropology. Thus the formal names of institutional units no longer necessarily reflect fully the content of the disciplines these cover. Some, such as the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology (Oxford) changed their name to reflect the change in composition, others, such as Social Anthropology at the University of Kent became simply Anthropology. Most retain the name under which they were founded.

Read more about Social AnthropologySubstantive Focus and Practice, Anthropologists Associated With Social Anthropology, Famous Students of Social Anthropology

Other articles related to "social, social anthropology, anthropology":

Anthony Cohen
... Anthony Cohen, CBE, FRSE is a British social anthropologist ... of Geneva and the University of Southampton, he is a social anthropologist with specialist interests in personal, social and national identity ... and lecturer and senior lecturer in social anthropology at the University of Manchester ...
Anthropology - Anthropological Traditions - Britain - Malinowski and Radcliffe-Brown
... A decade and a half later, the Polish anthropology student, Bronisław Malinowski (1884–1942), was beginning what he expected to be a brief period of fieldwork in the old model, collecting ... Theoretically, he advocated a functionalist interpretation, which examined how social institutions functioned to satisfy individual needs ... British social anthropology had an expansive moment in the Interwar period, with key contributions coming from the Polish-British Bronisław Malinowski and Meyer ...
List Of University Of Manchester People - Social Sciences and Education - Social Anthropology
... Antoun, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Binghamton University, stabbed to death by student in 2009 Max Gluckman, Rhodes Scholar who became Manchester's first ...
Sigrid Rausing - Biography
... In 1987, she was awarded an MSc in social anthropology from University College London ... She continued with a PhD focusing on post-Soviet anthropology, and did her fieldwork on a collective farm in Estonia, in 1993-4 ... In 1997, she was awarded a PhD in Social Anthropology from the Department of Social Anthropology at University College London followed by an honorary post-doctorate in the same ...

Famous quotes containing the words anthropology and/or social:

    I am not a literary man.... I am a man of science, and I am interested in that branch of Anthropology which deals with the history of human speech.
    —J.A.H. (James Augustus Henry)

    ... as women become free, economic, social factors, so becomes possible the full social combination of individuals in collective industry. With such freedom, such independence, such wider union, becomes possible also a union between man and woman such as the world has long dreamed of in vain.
    Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860–1935)