Securitate

The Securitate (, Romanian for Security, was the popular term for the Departamentul Securității Statului (Department of State Security). The Securitate was the secret police agency of Communist Romania. Previously, the Romanian secret police was called Siguranţa Statului. Founded on August 30, 1948, with help from the Soviet NKVD, the Securitate was abolished in December 1989, shortly after President Nicolae Ceaușescu was ousted.

The Securitate was, in proportion to Romania's population, one of the largest secret police forces in the Eastern bloc. The first budget of the Securitate in 1948 stipulated a number of 4,641 positions, of which 3,549 were filled by February 1949: 64% were workers, 4% peasants, 28% clerks, 2% persons of unspecified origin, and 2% intellectuals. By 1951, the Securitate's staff had increased fivefold, while in January 1956, the Securitate had 25,468 employees. Under the regime of Nicolae Ceaușescu, the Securitate employed some 11,000 agents and had a half-million informers for a country with a population of 22 million by 1985. Under Ceaușescu, the Securitate was one of the most brutal secret police forces in the world, responsible for the arrests, torture and deaths of thousands of people.

Other articles related to "securitate":

List Of Senior Securitate Officers
... This is a list of senior Securitate officers ... for the Security of the People, better known by its Romanian abbreviation, Securitate, was officially founded on August 30, 1948 by Decree 221/30 ... From its inception, the Securitate engaged in a terror campaign against "class enemies" ...
Serviciul Român De Informaţii - History - Creation
... Throughout the Communist era, the Securitate was the political police that was involved in repressing dissent ... Revolution, soon after taking power, Ion Iliescu signed the decree which integrated the Securitate into the Ministry of Defense, thus bringing it under his control ... Iulian Vlad, the head of the Securitate, together with some of his deputies, were arrested on December 31, 1989 Iliescu named Gelu Voican Voiculescu as the new head of the Securitate ...
Serviciul Român De Informaţii - History - Securitate Archives
... SRI inherited Securitate's archives and it has been accused of destroying parts of it or supplying sensitive parts to certain politicians. 1990, SRI officers unloaded a truck full of Securitate documents in a forest in Berevoești, Argeș County, after which they buried them with soil ... several of them, including information on dissidents, being not only Securitate, but also of the newly-created SRI ...
Teoctist Arăpaşu - Controversy - Securitate
... including that he was a collaborator of the Securitate, the political police in Romania, that he allegedly was homosexual and that as a "legionnaire" (member of the "Legion of the ... were based on a 1950 file found in the archives of the Securitate ... historian Stejărel Olaru said he found in the archives of the Securitate documents which prove that Teoctist was an agent of influence, who did propaganda for the Communist regime ...