Samuel "Sam" Houston (March 2, 1793 – July 26, 1863) was a nineteenth-century American statesman, politician, and soldier. He is best known for his leading role in bringing Texas into the United States.
He was born in Timber Ridge in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, of Scots-Irish descent. Houston became a key figure in the history of Texas and was elected as the first and third President of the Republic of Texas, U.S. Senator for Texas after it joined the United States, and finally as a governor of the state. He refused to swear loyalty to the Confederacy when Texas seceded from the Union in 1861 with the outbreak of the American Civil War, and was removed from office. To avoid bloodshed, he refused an offer of a Union army to put down the Confederate rebellion. Instead, he retired to Huntsville, Texas, where he died before the end of the Civil War.
His earlier life included migration to Tennessee from Virginia, time spent with the Cherokee Nation (into which he later was adopted as a citizen and into which he married), military service in the War of 1812, and successful participation in Tennessee politics. Houston is the only person in U.S. history to have been the governor of two different states (although other men had served as governors of more than one American territory).
In 1827, Houston was elected Governor of Tennessee as a Jacksonian. In 1829, Houston resigned as governor and relocated to Arkansas Territory. In 1832, Houston was involved in an altercation with a U.S. Congressman, followed by a high-profile trial. Shortly afterwards, he relocated to Coahuila y Tejas, then a Mexican state, and became a leader of the Texas Revolution. Sam Houston supported annexation by the United States. The city of Houston is named after him.
Houston's reputation was sufficiently large that he was honored in numerous ways after his death, among them: the US's fourth largest city, a memorial museum, a U.S. Army base, a national forest, a historical park, a university and a prominent roadside statue outside of Huntsville.
Read more about Sam Houston: Early Life and Family Heritage, War of 1812, Tennessee Politics, Marriage, Family, and Religion, Indian Territory, Controversy and Trial, Republic of Texas, U.S. Senator From Texas, Governor of Texas, Electoral History, Later Life, Honors
... Sam Houston Schoolhouse is a single-room log cabin-style schoolhouse in Maryville, Tennessee, built in 1794 ... Sam Houston taught at the school as a young man, before the War of 1812 ...
... The famous Texas revolutionary war leader and hero Sam Houston gave the first $5,000 donation to start the university ... In 1854, Houston was also baptized by the Rev ... And many of the early leaders of the Republic of Texas, such as Sam Houston, would later sent their children to Baylor to be educated ...
... Sam Houston, Commemorative Issue of 1963 Texas Centennial Issue of 1936, showing Sam Houston, The Alamo, and Stephen F ... Austin 67-foot-tall (20 m) statue of Sam Houston near Huntsville, Texas Statue of Sam Houston in Hermann Park The Sam Houston State Office Building houses the headquarters of the Texas Ethics Commission ... city of Houston in Southeast Texas was named in honor of Sam Houston Huntsville, Texas, is the home of the Sam Houston Memorial Museum, a 67 ft (20 m) statue, Sam ...
... The Bearkats represent Sam Houston State University in intercollegiate athletics ... Sam Houston State's colors are orange and white and their mascot is the Bearkats ... Sam Houston State sports teams participate in NCAA Division I (Football Championship Subdivision (FCS-formerly known as Division I-AA) for football) in the Southland Conference ...
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Famous quotes containing the words houston and/or sam:
“When your dreams tire, they go underground
and out of kindness thats where they stay.”
—Libby Houston (b. 1941)
“Pike Bishop: He gave his word.
Dutch: He gave his word to a railroad.
Pike Bishop: Its his word.
Dutch: That aint what counts. Its who you give it to.”
—Walon Green, U.S. screenwriter, and Sam Peckinpaugh (b. 1925)