Rhodesia ( /roʊˈdiːʃə/, rə-DEE-shə; /roʊˈdiːʒə/, rə-DEE-zhə) was an unrecognised state located in southern Africa during the Cold War. From 1965 to 1979, it comprised the region now known as Zimbabwe. The country, with its capital in Salisbury, was considered a de facto successor state to the former British colony of Southern Rhodesia (which had achieved responsible government in 1923).

During an effort to delay an immediate transition to indigenous African rule, Rhodesia's predominantly white government issued its own Unilateral Declaration of Independence from the United Kingdom on 11 November 1965. The UDI administration initially sought recognition as an autonomous commonwealth realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, but reconstituted itself as a republic in 1970.

Following a brutal guerrilla war waged against authorities by two rival black nationalist organisations (Robert Mugabe’s ZANU and Joshua Nkomo’s ZAPU), beginning in earnest in 1972, Rhodesian premier Ian Smith conceded to biracial democracy in 1978. A provisional government subsequently headed by Smith and his moderate colleague Abel Muzorewa, however, failed in appeasing international critics or halting the bloodshed.

By December 1979, Muzerowa had replaced Smith as Prime Minister and secured a fresh agreement with the militant African factions, allowing Rhodesia to briefly revert to her colonial status pending popular elections. Independence deemed legitimate by Britain and the United Nations was finally achieved with majority rule in April 1980, with the country concurrently renamed the Republic of Zimbabwe.

A wholly landlocked area, Rhodesia bordered South Africa to the south, Bechuanaland (later Botswana) to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique (a Portuguese province until 1975) to the east. The state was originally christened after Cecil Rhodes, whose British South Africa Company acquired the land in the late 19th century.

Read more about Rhodesia:  Nomenclature, History, Politics, Society, Military and Police, Foreign Relations, Legacy

Other articles related to "rhodesia":

Leslie Charles Leach
... Leach arrived in Rhodesia in 1938 and carried on business in Salisbury as an electrical engineer ... Between 1972-81 Leach worked as Honorary Botanist of the staff of Rhodesia's National Herbarium and described himself as 'probably Rhodesia's only unpaid civil servant' ... the Aloe, Cactus and Succulent Society of Rhodesia into producing a taxonomic series supplementary to Excelsa ...
Charles Wooler
... November 1956 ... Charles Robert Dudley Wooler (born June 30, 1930 in Bulawayo, Rhodesia) was a first-class cricketer who played for the Leicestershire County Cricket Club in England and the Rhodesia cricket team which ... When the summer ended, Wooler traveled to Rhodesia and represented their team in the 1951/52 Currie Cup ... He managed 23 wickets at 32.34 in first-class matches for Rhodesia, with perhaps the biggest of those scalps being his last ever, Denis Compton of the Marylebone Cricket Club ...
Shed Studios
... and a large body of music used for various advertisements and films in Rhodesia, and later in Zimbabwe, from 1975 until 2000 ... Martin Norris and Neil Thain, all employees of Rhodesia Television, in 1975 in Salisbury, Rhodesia ...
Lorrie Wilmot - Controversy
... Rhodesia had been set 300 to win and in the final hour of the game they needed six more runs ... Wilmot refused to re-enter the field and the umpires were forced to award the match to Rhodesia ... As a result Rhodesia missed out on winning their maiden Currie Cup title ...
Rhodesia, Nottinghamshire
... Rhodesia is a village and parish located in the county of Nottinghamshire, in central England ... Rhodesia is a small ex-mining village near to Worksop in Nottinghamshire ... The village was named Rhodesia after the long-time chairman of the Colliery Company, Mr G ...