Quarter-comma Meantone

Quarter-comma meantone, or 1/4-comma meantone, was the most common meantone temperament in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and was sometimes used later. This method is a variant of Pythagorean tuning. The difference is that in this system the perfect fifth is flattened by one quarter of a syntonic comma, with respect to its just intonation used in Pythagorean tuning (frequency ratio 3:2). The purpose is to obtain justly intonated major thirds (with a frequency ratio equal to 5:4). It was described by Pietro Aron (also spelled Aaron), in his Toscanello de la Musica of 1523, by saying the major thirds should be tuned to be "sonorous and just, as united as possible." Later theorists Gioseffo Zarlino and Francisco de Salinas described the tuning with mathematical exactitude.

Read more about Quarter-comma MeantoneConstruction, Justly Intonated Quarter-comma Meantone, Greater and Lesser Semitones, Size of Intervals, Triads in The Chromatic Scale, Alternative Construction, Comparison With 31 Equal Temperament, Links

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Quarter-comma Meantone - Links
... http//xenharmonic.wikispaces.com/Quarter-comma+meantone Article on the Xenharmonic wiki. ...