Pol Pot (19 May 1925 – 15 April 1998), born Saloth Sar Pol Pot (Khmer: ប៉ុល ពត), was a Cambodian Maoist revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge from 1963 until his death in 1998. From 1963 to 1981, he served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea. From 1976 to 1979, he also served as the prime minister of Democratic Kampuchea. Pol Pot became leader of Cambodia on April 17, 1975, and his rule has been described as being a dictatorship. During his time in power he imposed agrarian socialism, forcing urban dwellers to relocate to the countryside to work in collective farms and forced labor projects. The combined effects of forced labor, malnutrition, poor medical care, and executions resulted in the deaths of approximately 21 percent of the Cambodian population. In all, an estimated 1 to 3 million people (out of a population of slightly over 8 million) died as a result of the policies of his three-year premiership.
In 1979, after the Cambodian–Vietnamese War, Pol Pot fled to the jungles of southwest Cambodia, and the Khmer Rouge government collapsed. From 1979 to 1997, he and a remnant of the old Khmer Rouge operated near the border of Cambodia and Thailand, where they clung to power, with nominal United Nations recognition as the rightful government of Cambodia. Pol Pot died in 1998 while under house arrest by the Ta Mok faction of the Khmer Rouge. Since his death, rumours that he was poisoned have persisted.
Other articles related to "pol pot":
... Pol Pot (19 May 1925 – 15 April 1998), born Saloth Sar (Khmer ប៉ុល ពត), was a Cambodian Communist revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge from 1963 ... Pol Pot became leader of Cambodia on April 17, 1975, and his rule was a dictatorship ... In 1979, after the Cambodian–Vietnamese War, Pol Pot fled to the jungles of southwest Cambodia, and the Khmer Rouge government collapsed ...
... Pol Pot's brother – Chhay, who worked as a Republican journalist in the capital – was reported to have died during the evacuation of Phnom Penh ... In addition, Pol Pot wanted to break up the "enemy spy organisations" that allegedly were based in the urban areas ... Finally, it seems that Pol Pot and his hard-line associates on the CPK Political Bureau used the forced evacuations to gain control of the city's population and to weaken the position of their factional rivals within ...
... By the April 1975 communist victory, Pol Pot and his associates occupied the most important positions in the Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK) and in the state hierarchies ... Pol Pot was known as "Vach du Mach" or One with the Gun ... There were even armed attempts to topple Pol Pot ...
... The seat was occupied by Thiounn Prasith, an old cadre of Pol Pot and Ieng Sary from their student days in Paris and one of the 21 attendees at the 1960 KPRP ... Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski said that in 1979, "I encouraged the Chinese to support Pol Pot ... Pol Pot was an abomination ...
Famous quotes containing the word pot:
“As if he were
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The cobras hood
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—Hla Stavhana (c. 50 A.D.)