Plasmodium is a genus of Apicomplexan parasites. Infection by these organisms is known as malaria. The genus Plasmodium was described in 1885 by Ettore Marchiafava and Angelo Celli. Currently over 200 species of this genus are recognized and new species continue to be described.

Of the over 200 known species of Plasmodium, at least 11 species infect humans. Other species infect other animals, including monkeys, rodents, birds, and reptiles. The parasite always has two hosts in its life cycle: a vector—usually a mosquito—and a vertebrate host.

Read more about PlasmodiumHistory, Biology, Diagnostic Characteristics of The Genus Plasmodium, Life Cycle, Evolution, Host Range, Species Reclassified Into Other Genera, Species of Dubious Validity