Phengaris

Phengaris is a genus of gossamer-winged butterflies in the subfamily Polyommatinae. Commonly, these butterflies are called large blues, which if referring to a particular species is P. arion, a species resident in Europe and some parts of Asia.

Phengaris nowadays includes the genus Maculinea. The type species of the latter was the Alcon Blue ("M." alcon), which is less closely related to most of the other supposed members of Maculinea than the old Phengaris species are, and hence the two genera are merged to form a monophyletic group. Alternatively, Maculinea could be restricted to the one or two species of "alcon" blues, and the rest of it be separated as a new genus. But this would mean to maintain two very small genera, which is generally avoided by modern taxonomists. As Phengaris is the older name, it thus replaces Maculinea.

Maculinea was alternatively considered to be a subgenus of Glaucopsyche. But while Glaucopsyche and Phengaris (including Maculinea) are certainly close relatives, they are unlikely to be that close.

The most recently discovered species in the genus is P. xiushani, first reported in 2010 and found in undisturbed forested mountains, unlike all the other members which live in grasslands over their entire range of distribution.

Read more about Phengaris:  Species

Other articles related to "phengaris":

species" class="article_title_2">Phengaris - Species
... Basal group (Maculinea sensu stricto) Phengaris alcon – Alcon Blue, Alcon Large Blue Phengaris alcon arenaria – Dutch Alcon Blue (extinct) Phengaris rebeli – Mountain Alcon Blue (may belong in P ... alcon) Phengaris sensu stricto Phengaris daitozana Phengaris albida Phengaris atroguttata – Great Spotted Blue Phengaris xiushani – Xiushan's Large Blue Other "Maculinea" Phengaris kurentzovi Phengaris ... arion) Phengaris takamukui Phengaris arionides – Greater Large Blue Incertae sedis Phengaris xiaheana ...
Maculinea
... Phengaris is a genus of gossamer-winged butterflies in the subfamily Polyommatinae ... Phengaris nowadays includes the genus Maculinea ... members of Maculinea than the old Phengaris species are, and hence the two genera are merged to form a monophyletic group ...
Phengaris Alcon Arenaria
... Maculinea alcon arenaria The Dutch Alcon Blue (Phengaris alcon arenaria) was a subspecies of the Alcon Blue butterfly Phengaris alcon ...
Phengaris Alcon
... Phengaris alcon, more commonly known as Alcon Blue or Alcon Large Blue, is a butterfly of the Lycaenidae family and is found in Europe and Northern Asia ... The Phengaris alcon larvae are sought underground by the Ichneumon eumerus wasp ...
Maculinea - Species
... Basal group (Maculinea sensu stricto) Phengaris alcon – Alcon Blue, Alcon Large Blue Phengaris alcon arenaria – Dutch Alcon Blue (extinct) Phengaris rebeli – Mountain Alcon Blue (may ... alcon) Phengaris sensu stricto Phengaris daitozana Phengaris albida Phengaris atroguttata – Great Spotted Blue Phengaris xiushani – Xiushan's Large Blue Other "Maculinea" Phengaris ... arion) Phengaris takamukui Phengaris arionides – Greater Large Blue Incertae sedis Phengaris xiaheana ...