Omi

Omi (臣?) was an ancient Japanese hereditary title denoting rank and political standing (a kabane) that, along with muraji, was reserved for the most powerful clans during the Kofun period. The omi clans generally took their names from the geographic location from which they originated, such as the Soga (蘇我), the Kazuraki (葛城), the Heguri (平群), the Kose (巨勢), the Kasuga (春日) and the Izumo (出雲). By tradition those who held the kabane of omi were considered branches of the imperial line (皇別氏族, kōbetsu shizoku), and they claimed that they were descendants of Emperor Kōgen, although there is no historical evidence to support this.

The most powerful omi added the prefix Ō (大) to omi and was referred to as Ōomi (大臣). Examples of Ōomi mentioned in the Nihon Shoki included Kazuraki no Tsubura (葛城円) during the reign of Emperor Richū, Heguri no Matori (平群馬鳥) during the reign of Emperors Yūryaku and Seinei, Kose no Ohito (許勢男人) during the reign of Emperor Keitai and the four generations of Sogas who dominated the title during the 6th and 7th centuries: Soga no Iname, Soga no Umako, Soga no Emishi and Soga no Iruka.

When the kabane system was reformed into the eight kabane system in 684, the powerful omi of the time were given the kabane of ason, which ranked second under the new system, and omi itself was dropped to sixth in rank.

Ancient Japan portal

Other articles related to "omi":

Pagania - Later Piracy
... piracy was occasionally resurrected, centered further north at Omiš, near the mouth of the river Cetina ... By the 12th century, the pirates of Omiš were known to conduct raids as far north as Zara and as far south as northern Albania, and organized under the local clan of Kačić ... to pay tribute to knez Nikola Kačić of Omiš a similar agreement was made with Ragusa (later Republic of Ragusa) in 1190 ...
Roman Catholic Archdiocese Of Colombo - List of Bishops and Archbishops of Colombo
1863 - 1879) Clemente Pagnani, OSB (1879 - 1883) Christophe-Etienne Bonjean, OMI (1883 - 1892) André-Théophile Mélizan, OMI (1893 - 1905) Antoine Coudert, OMI (1905 - 1929) Pierre-Guillaume Marque, OMI (192 ...
Michael Omi
... Michael Omi is an American sociologist ... Professor Omi is best known for developing the theory of racial formation along with Howard Winant ... Omi serves on the faculty at the University of California, Berkeley ...
Mazenod College, Victoria - College Houses
... Charlebois (Light Blue) named after Bishop Ovide Charlebois OMI Cebula (Dark Blue) named after Blessed Jozef Cebula OMI Albini (Yellow) named after Father Charles Albini OMI Grandin (Red) named after ...
Omi, Nagano
... Omi (麻績村, Omi-mura?) is a village located in Higashichikuma District, Nagano, Japan ...