Odessa (Russian: Оде́сса; ), or Odesa (Ukrainian: Одеса, ), is the fifth largest city in Ukraine, with a population of 1,003,705. The city is a major seaport located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea and the administrative center of the Odessa Oblast.

The predecessor of Odessa, a small Tatar settlement, was founded by Hacı I Giray, the Khan of Crimea, in 1240 and originally named after him as "Hacıbey". After a period of Lithuanian control, it passed into the domain of the Ottoman Sultan in 1529 and remained in Ottoman hands until the Ottoman Empire's defeat in the Russo-Turkish War of 1792. The city of Odessa was founded by a decree of the Empress Catherine the Great in 1794. From 1819 to 1858 Odessa was a free port. During the Soviet period it was the most important port of trade in the Soviet Union and a Soviet naval base. On 1 January 2000 the Quarantine Pier of Odessa trade sea port was declared a free port and free economic zone for a term of 25 years.

In the 19th century it was the fourth largest city of Imperial Russia, after Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Warsaw. Its historical architecture has a style more Mediterranean than Russian, having been heavily influenced by French and Italian styles. Some buildings are built in a mixture of different styles, including Art Nouveau, Renaissance and Classicist.

Odessa is a warm water port. The city of Odessa hosts two important ports: Odessa itself and Yuzhne (also an internationally important oil terminal), situated in the city's suburbs. Another important port, Illichivs'k, is located in the same oblast, to the south-west of Odessa. Together they represent a major transport hub integrating with railways. Odessa's oil and chemical processing facilities are connected to Russia's and EU's respective networks by strategic pipelines.

Read more about Odessa:  Name, Demographics, Government and Administrative Divisions, Economy, Cityscape, Education, Sport

Other articles related to "odessa":

Odessa, Saskatchewan - Business
... Organizations and Businesses in Odessa include - Odessa Co-op (Gas Sation Convenience Store) - Hoffart's Services Inc ... (Behlen HSI Manufacturing) - Adam's Welding and Machine Shop - Odessa Community Rink (Arena) - SGI Odessa Branch - Plainsveiw Credit Union (Odessa Branch) ...
Alexander Bernardazzi - His Life
... In 1878 Bernardazzi moved to Odessa and lived there for over thirty years ... In 1879 Bernardazzi became the Odessa city architect and in the mid-1880s he was appointed an architect at the Novaya Rossiya University in Odessa ...
Londonskaya Hotel
... Londonskaya Hotel is a four star hotel in Odessa, Ukraine ... now it belongs to the same company as Bristol Hotel, Odessa It is 4-stars Odessa hotel, based in the historical center of Odessa city ceter just few minutes walkf from all major sights of Odessa like ... It is one of the oldest and well known Odessa hotels ...
Liubashivka Raion
... Liubashivka Raion (Liubashivskyi Raion) is a district in Odessa Oblast, Ukraine ... Through the territory of the Liubashivskyi Raion pass the railroad routes from Odessa to Kirovograd ... The district also lies on 2 international highways — route Saint Petersburg – Kiev – Odessa and route Chişinău (Moldova) - Kirovograd ...
Lucien Dulfan
... Born in Frunze, Kyrgyzstan, barely escaping Odessa massacre during German and Romanian occupation of Odessa, Ukraine ... Lived in Odessa, Ukraine from 1946 until he immigrated with his family to United States in 1990 and has since lived in Manhattan, New York ... Graduated from Odessa State Art Academy in 1963 ...