Nationalism is a form of patriotism based upon the identification of a group of individuals with a nation. There are two main perspectives on the origins and basis of nationalism, one is the primordialist perspective that describes nationalism as a reflection of the ancient and perceived evolutionary tendency of humans to organize into distinct grouping based on an affinity of birth; the other is the modernist perspective that describes nationalism as a recent phenomenon that requires the structural conditions of modern society. There are various definitions for what constitutes a nation, however, which leads to several different strands of nationalism. It can be a belief that citizenship in a state should be limited to one ethnic, cultural, religious, or identity group, or that multinationality in a single state should necessarily comprise the right to express and exercise national identity even by minorities.

The adoption of national identity in terms of historical development, has commonly been the result of a response by an influential group or groups that is unsatisfied with traditional identities due to inconsistency between their defined social order and the experience of that social order by its members, resulting in a situation of anomie that nationalists seek to resolve. This anomie results in a society or societies reinterpreting identity, retaining elements that are deemed acceptable and removing elements deemed unacceptable, in order to create a unified community. This development may be the result of internal structural issues or the result of resentment by an existing group or groups towards other communities, especially foreign powers that are deemed to be controlling them.

Nationalism may involve several recognized nations being involved in a single goal of self-determination uniting the nations, such as binationalism or multinationalism, examples of this occurred in Austria-Hungary, Belgium, and Czechoslovakia.

National flags, national anthems, and other symbols of national identity are commonly considered highly important symbols of the national community.

Read more about Nationalism:  History, Causes, Criticisms

Other articles related to "nationalism, nationalisms":

Nationalism - Criticisms
... Critics of nationalism have argued that it is often unclear what constitutes a "nation", or why a nation should be the only legitimate unit of political rule ... Much of the early opposition to nationalism was related to its geopolitical ideal of a separate state for every nation ... early stage, however, there was an ideological critique of nationalism ...
Slovenian Nationalism
... Slovenian nationalism is the nationalism that asserts that Slovenes are a nation and promotes the cultural unity of Slovenes ... Slovenian nationalism first arose in response to the influx of ideas of nationalism from the French Revolution that arrived in Slovenia when the French forces of Napoleon Bonaparte made ...
Sinhalese Buddhist Nationalism
... Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism is a political ideology which combines a focus upon Sinhalese culture and ethnicity with an emphasis upon Theravada Buddhism, which is the majority belief system of most Sinhalese ... Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism has also been a driving force of interest in the Sri Lankan Civil War against the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam ...
Lebanese Nationalism
... Lebanese nationalism is a nationalistic ideology that considers the Lebanese people, are a distinguished nation independent from the Arab nation ... period and the French Mandate of Syria, when it served primarily as a tool in opposing Arab nationalism and in justifying the existence of the nascent country of Lebanon ... During the 20th century and the Lebanese Civil War, Lebanese nationalism was associated with the Kataeb Party and the secularist movement Guardians of the Cedars ...
Left-wing Nationalism - Canada
... Statements consisting only of original research may be removed Main article Nationalisms in Canada See also Quebec nationalism and Canadian nationalism In Canada ... Revolution in Quebec had opposed Quebec nationalism which had been right-wing and reactionary, nationalists in Quebec now found that they could only maintain their cultural identity by ... Prior to the 1960s, nationalism in Quebec had taken various forms ...

Famous quotes containing the word nationalism:

    The difference between patriotism and nationalism is that the patriot is proud of his country for what it does, and the nationalist is proud of his country no matter what it does; the first attitude creates a feeling of responsibility, but the second a feeling of blind arrogance that leads to war.
    Sydney J. Harris (1917–1986)

    The course of modern learning leads from humanism via nationalism to bestiality.
    Franz Grillparzer (1791–1872)