The term militia ( /mɨˈlɪʃə/), or irregular army, is commonly used today to refer to a military force composed of ordinary citizens to provide defense, emergency law enforcement, or paramilitary service, in times of emergency without being paid a regular salary or committed to a fixed term of service. It is a polyseme with multiple distinct but related meanings. Legal and historical meanings of militia include:

  • Defense activity or service, to protect a community, its territory, property, and laws.
  • The entire able-bodied population of a community, town, county, or state, available to be called to arms.
    • A subset of these who may be legally penalized for failing to respond to a call-up.
    • A subset of these who actually respond to a call-up, regardless of legal obligation.
  • A private, non-government force, not necessarily directly supported or sanctioned by its government.
  • An official reserve army, composed of citizen soldiers. Called by various names in different countries such as; the Army Reserve, National Guard, or state defense forces.
  • The national police forces in several former communist states such as the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact countries, but also in the non-aligned SFR Yugoslavia. The term was inherited in Russia, and other former CIS countries. See: Militia (Police).
  • In France the equivalent term "Milice" has become tainted due to its use by notorious collaborators with Nazi Germany.
  • A select militia is composed of a small, non-representative portion of the population, often politicized.

Read more about Militia:  Etymology, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Cuba, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Latvia, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Russia and The Soviet Union, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Texas, United Kingdom, United States, Vietnam, SFR Yugoslavia, Militia Service As A Civic Duty

Other articles related to "militia, militias":

Milicja Obywatelska
... Milicja Obywatelska ( Citizens' Militia or Civic Militia) was a state police institution in the People's Republic of Poland ... The term is derived from militia, which in turn claims its etymology from the concept of a military force composed of ordinary citizens ... Poland formed the Polish Citizen's Militia, a kind of police force, at the end of 1944, while Poland was still in a theater of war, but just before Europe ...
Reed's Regiment Of Militia
... Reed's Regiment of Militia also known as the 6th Middlesex County Militia Regiment was called up at Littleton and Westford, Massachusetts on September 27 ... The regiment served in General Briskett's brigade of Massachusetts militia ...
List Of Regiments Of The Indian Army (1903) - Frontier Corps and Para-Military Units - North-West Frontier and Baluchistan
... Chitral Scouts Frontier Constabulary Khyber Rifles Kurram Militia North Waziristan Militia South Waziristan Militia Mekran Levy Corps Zhob Levy Corps ...
Militia Service As A Civic Duty
... The Militia Information Service (MIS) contends that militia membership is a civic duty much like voting, neither of which they believe should be restricted to ...
Fluvanna County Militia - Origins
... Like other county militias, the Fluvanna militia was formed as a local branch of the Virginia militia ... In order to join the militia, men were required to take a "Test Oath" renouncing King George III and pledging themselves to defend the Commonwealth ...