The liver, hepar, is a vital organ present in vertebrates and some other animals. It has a wide range of functions, including detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. The liver is necessary for survival; there is currently no way to compensate for the absence of liver function in the long term, although new liver dialysis techniques can be used in the short term.

This organ plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. It lies below the diaphragm in the abdominal-pelvic region of the abdomen. It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion via the emulsification of lipids. The liver's highly specialized tissues regulate a wide variety of high-volume biochemical reactions, including the synthesis and breakdown of small and complex molecules, many of which are necessary for normal vital functions.

Medical terms related to the liver often start in hepato- or hepatic from the Greek word for liver, hēpar (ἡπαρ).

Read more about Liver:  Anatomy, Physiology, Diseases of The Liver, Disease Symptoms, Diagnosis, Biopsy / Scan, Regeneration, Liver Transplantation, Additional Images, Cultural Allusions

Other articles related to "liver":

Bare Area Of The Liver
... The coronary ligaments represent reflections of the visceral peritoneum covering the liver onto the diaphragm ... between the two layers of the coronary ligament there is a large triangular surface of the liver devoid of peritoneal covering this is named the bare area of the liver, and is attached to the diaphragm by ... The bare area of the liver is still covered by Glisson's capsule, the fibrous capsule that sheathes the entire liver ...
Percutaneous Hepatic Perfusion - Procedure
... system of catheters and filters, PHP isolates the liver from the circulatory system and infuses a chemotherapeutic agent directly to the liver via the hepatic ... The venous effluent from the liver is then filtered outside of the body and the filtered blood is returned into the jugular vein ...
Hemosiderosis - Diagnosis
... for diagnosing and monitoring hemosiderosis including Serum ferritin Liver biopsy MRI Serum ferritin is a low cost, readily available, and minimally invasive method for ... to iron levels including infection, inflammation, fever, liver disease, renal disease and cancer ... While liver biopsies provide a direct measure of liver iron concentration, the small sample size relative to the size of the liver can lead to sampling errors given the heterogeneity of ...
Scipionyx - Description - Soft Tissues - Liver, Heart, Spleen and Thymus
... this might represent the remains of the decayed liver, a blood-rich organ ... biliverdine was present, a bile component expected in the liver ... two similarly blood-rich organs, with reptiles positioned between the two lobes of the liver ...
Liver - Cultural Allusions
... chained to a rock where a vulture (or an eagle) would peck out his liver, which would regenerate overnight ... The liver is the only human internal organ that actually can regenerate itself to a significant extent.) Many ancient peoples of the Near East and Mediterranean areas practiced a ... In Plato, and in later physiology, the liver was thought to be the seat of the darkest emotions (specifically wrath, jealousy and greed) which drive men to action ...

Famous quotes containing the word liver:

    Life loves the liver of it.
    Maya Angelou (b. 1928)

    A life-worshipper’s philosophy is comprehensive.... He is at one moment a positivist and at another a mystic: now haunted by the thought of death ... and now a Dionysian child of nature; now a pessimist and now, with a change of lover or liver or even the weather, an exuberant believer that God’s in his heaven and all’s right with the world.
    Aldous Huxley (1894–1963)

    If the devil were to offer me a resurgence of what is commonly called virility, I’d decline. “Just keep my liver and lungs in good working order,” I’d reply, “so I can go on drinking and smoking!”
    Luis Buñuel (1900–1983)